Contesting the U.S.-centric bias of modern environmentalism, this essay uncovers an “old“ paradigm of environmentalism found in the medieval Islamic tradition, the Islamic Ecological Paradigm (IEP)—which, in many respects, is tantamount to many ideologies of modern environmentalism. According to IEP, human beings are a part of, and not above, nature, and have the responsibility to preserve nature. Many paradigms of modern environmentalism have largely embraced this ideology, though they do not necessarily trace their origin to IEP. This essay also analyzes Muslim environmental activism today by focusing on how its proponents are inspired by modern environmentalism while grounding their activism in IEP. Despite substantial variance and occasional tension, the author argues that both modern environmentalism and IEP can form an ontological alliance, an alliance that is of paramount importance to addressing environmental problems that transcend physical and cultural borders.
The Ethics of Hierarchy in the Tablighi Jamaat in Pakistan
In recent decades, Pakistan has witnessed the dramatic rise of Islamic revivalist forces, including Islamic piety movements, political parties, new Islamic schools, televangelists, NGOs, corporations, and banks. These Islamic revivalists draw their
A Case Study on Indonesian Muslim Student Diasporas in Saudi Arabia
Sumanto Al Qurtuby
Introduction Traditionally and historically, Muslim students have been one of the most important agents of distributing Islamic thinking and religious practices in Indonesia. Indonesian Muslim students who studied Islam in the Middle East and
The Concept of Secular Philosophical Grounding
Jaan S. Islam
( Islam 2016a ). In this case, there is no necessary problem with assuming the Bible as the source of truth – the first premise; however, one is not able to extrapolate their political philosophy from that assumption. This leads to the inability to justify
Is Liberation without Freedom Possible?
What Has Sartrean Existentialism Got to Do with Islamic Terrorism? Speaking about the future of existentialism means, primarily, testing its theoretical assumptions in order to interpret and clarify the most pressing themes of our contemporary world
The Debate on Laïcité in France
The issue of the Islamic headscarf has troubled French society since the end of the 1980s and led to legislation, enacted on 15 March 2004, proscribing the wearing of headscarves or any other "conspicuous" religious symbol in schools. But what strained relationship between the state and religions, and more generally minorities, is hidden by this long controversy that preceded the centennial of the 1905 law separating church and state? This article aims to summarize for American readers the stakes involved in this long debate while putting it into historical perspective by trying to clear up misunderstandings that may crop up in discussions (on both sides of the Atlantic) of a subject where the famous "French exception" seems to be crystallized, that is, the practice of laïcité. Underlying these discussions, one must locate the treatment of religious minorities as put into place during the Napoleonic era in the case of the Jews, which has remained, mutatis mutandis, a model for the organization of Islam in the Hexagon at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Such a model is one of an assignment community, organized with the goal, inherited from the Revolution, of emancipating its members and responding to questions of public order.
Intertextuality of Religious, Medical and Political Discourses
Sofya A. Ragozina
control. Religious discourse had to adapt in order to explain the pandemic. In this article I consider the ‘translation’ of medical and political discourses into the language of Islam in Russia during the spread of COVID-19. I analyse speeches, fatwas
Adornment (Aesthetics), Symbolism and Differentiation
, life needs, social codes, religious demands and socioeconomic manifestations. By the rise of Islam in the seventh century, the holy scripture of the Koran established and institutionalised its existence economically, politically and religiously
Sufi Circles in Israel
This article describes the new “field” of Sufi ideas and practices in Israeli Jewish society and analyzes the mutual relations between new Western Sufi influences and traditional Sufi orders of the Middle East. It focuses on the role of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in this evolving field. While the current rise of interest in spirituality is often described as emphasizing an apolitical approach, the evolving Sufi field in Israel is an example of a field that cannot detach itself from the overarching conflict. Moreover, efforts are made by some of the actors in this field to present Sufism as representing a different Islam and, hence, as a potential bridge between the rival parties. These approaches, as this article shows, have their own complexities and influences on the emerging Sufi field in Israel.
This article describes and analyzes the complex relationship between Turkey, Germany, and the European Union over the past half-century. It asks why numerous other countries have jumped the queue and managed to gain entry, whereas Turkey has been left knocking at the door, presented with increasing obstacles through which it must pass. The role of Islam is examined as a motivating factor in the exclusion of Turkey. Also, the historical memory of the Ottoman Empire's relationship with Europe is discussed. The mixed reception and perceived problems of integration of the large population of people from Turkey and their descendants who arrived in the 1960s as "guestworkers" is put forth as a key obstacle to Turkey's admission to the European Union. Contradictions in policies and perceptions are highlighted as further impediments to accession.