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Mattia Guidi

The rise of Matteo Renzi is one of the most significant political events of the year. This chapter analyzes Renzi's leadership of the Partito Democratico (PD), looking at both the internal politics of the party and the party's position within the Italian party system. Within the PD itself, Renzi has brought take-it-or-leave-it proposals to the party executive, which has upset a vocal minority. More broadly, Renzi has moved the party to the center on the left-right scale, while adopting a more expansionary fiscal stance, effectively marginalizing other parties. The chapter concludes that the most serious opposition to Renzi today may come from within his own party.

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Michele Salvati

The first part of this chapter deals with the context within which the

death and transfiguration of the Ulivo has taken place. It examines both

the social framework as well as policies in the various areas (international,

institutional, and socio-economic) in which the contest between

government and opposition unfolded. This first section, “The Berlusconi

Government: Friend or Foe?” illustrates the two sides of a dilemma

upon which the Italian left oscillates. We will use three policy areas—

institutions, war and peace, and socio-economic policy—to illustrate

how this fluctuation plays out. The second section, “The Ulivo in 2003,”

is divided into two parts. In the first (“Death of the Ulivo: Artemide and

Sergio Cofferati”), we will describe events that took place leading up to

the summer of 2003, when Romano Prodi presented his proposal for a

unified left and its acceptance by the Margherita, the DS, and the SDI.

The second part of this section (“The Single List and the Reformist

Party”) examines the initial developments in Prodi’s challenge and

assesses whether these will give rise to an effective “transfiguration.”

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Bridges or Walls? Or Bridges are Walls?

Hegemony, Situational Selection and Counter Narratives at the Boundaries of Spain and Europe

Elaine McIlwraith

Crehan points out, Gramsci's use of hegemony came out of his attempts to understand the historical trajectory of the defeat of the Italian left ( 2018: 134 ) – primarily the Risorgimento (nineteenth century to 1922), but also the inability of the

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Alfred Betschart

published only in Spanish, the second one as Anarchie et morale only in 1982. Sartre's main political idea was that freedom and power, particularly state power, are not compatible, an idea expressed by the title of an interview he gave to the Italian left

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Laughing with, Laughing at

Humour and Revolution in the 2019 Venice Pavilions of Chile and Egypt

Chrisoula Lionis and Alkisti Efthymiou

Guatemala through the United Fruit Company; and the US-backed efforts to wipe out the Italian Left in post-war Europe. As mentioned in the curatorial statement, all these events aim to ‘expose the counterpoints to the notions of civilization with which the