The work of the Iranian filmmaker Bahman Ghobadi addresses the question of relations between humans and animals as a means of revealing social and political relations in Iran. His 2004 film A Time for Drunken Horses explores the border between
New Patterns in Pet Keeping in Iran
Anahita Grisoni and Marjan Mashkour
for diasporas to overcome distances ( Helland 2007: 974 ). The formation of virtual ties in the information age has led to what Castells refers to as the rise of network society on a global scale ( Castells 2011 ). Studies on the Iranian diaspora
Researching Social Movements in Authoritarian Contexts
researchers’ awareness of their own positionality in the field but may also reveal aspects of the topic researched that would otherwise remain concealed to ‘external’ eyes. This is particularly relevant when it comes to challenging environments such as Iran
Derrida’s hostipitalité formulation provides a framework through which we might begin to explore the relationship between Iranian citizen-hosts and Afghan refugee-guests in the city of Shiraz and the surrounding province. Notions of Iranian hospitality thread through multiple and diverse constructions of Iranian selfhood. Religion, poetry and history speak to what it means to be Iranian, marking out categories of Self and Other and, in doing so, exposing the limits of hospitality in the very spaces that the nation is most acutely felt.
Between 1965 and 2015, Reinhold Loeffler and I studied the lifeways of people in Sisakht, a village (now small town) in the tribal/rural province of Kohgiluye and Boir Ahmad in the Zagros Mountains of southwest Iran. 1 Local people speak Lori, a
In recent years in Iran some forms of gender relations typical for a traditional society have undergone significant transformation. 1 One such change concerns marriage, whose dynamics involve modifications in the family structure and redefinition
Iranians organizing across borders
Halleh Ghorashi and Nayereh Tavakoli
The Iranian revolution of 1979 promised to bring freedom and equality, but as soon as one group gained power, it turned out to be oppressive of both its political opposition and women. This resulted in the formation of a large Iranian diaspora bound together by its hatred for the Iranian regime. Years of suppression in the 1980s in Iran resulted in a deep gap between Iranians living inside and outside Iran. During the 1990s, however, cross-border relationships started to change as a result of two major factors: transnational activities and the influence of cyberspace. This paper focuses on the paradoxes of transnational connections in local protest with a focus on the women’s movement. We show both how transnational links have empowered women activists in Iran and how they have led to new dangers at the local level. We also reveal how support from the Iranian diaspora can be patronizing as well as supportive.
Controlling Protest Spaces and Coalition-Building during the Iranian December 2017 Protests
how existing spaces, and state's policies toward spaces, can impact coalition-building. On 28 December 2017, a series of protests erupted throughout Iran and have continued throughout 2018 and 2019 (with the more recent spike occurring in November 2019
Political Transformation and Recent Ethnographic Fieldwork in Iran
Mary Elaine Hegland and Erika Friedl
In the 1970s social cultural anthropology in Iran was beginning to flourish. However, with the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and the subsequent Islamic Republic of Iran, fieldwork in Iran became extremely problematic. Foreign anthropologists faced formidable obstacles to obtaining visas and permits. Anthropologists working inside Iran were also discouraged from anthropological participant observation. As a result, during the post revolutionary period, few anthropologists have been conducting fieldwork in Iran. Recently, some hopeful signs for a possible reestablishment of anthropology can be noted, among them the return of young Iranian anthropologists, from countries where they have grown up and gained an education, to their homeland for dissertation research. This article discusses the influences on fieldwork of politics—international, national and local—and projects, problems and strategies of some anthropologists who have conducted recent ethnographic fieldwork in Iran.
Entre mythe, réalité et exégèse zoroastrienne
plus près le rapport de l’homme à son environnement. Dans l’Iran d’aujourd’hui comme ailleurs, il divise les hommes: le monde agropastoral qui réclame son extermination s’oppose aux préoccupations écologiques favorisant la préservation des espèces. Le