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Jews of All Trades

Jews and Their Professions in Early Modern English Travel Writing

Eva Johanna Holmberg

This article explores early modern English travelers' representations of and responses to the trades and professions of contemporary Jews. Professions were important social markers for early modern people, and the way Jews and their “professions” were commented on opens a novel perspective on the ways early modern Englishmen encountered Jews both in Europe and outside it. Observing foreign professions and trades was expected of travelers, since it revealed important aspects of foreign societies, their prosperity, civility, and treatment of their subjects. Portrayals of Jewish professionals provided a space to explore the customs and way of life of Jews, to present arguments for and against admitting Jews, or indeed any other strangers, to reside in England and elsewhere. In addition, these texts educated readers about foreign trades and professions and mapped the fluctuations of trade and commerce in foreign countries. This provided English readers of travel literature with conflicting information about the harms and benefits of Jewish presence, accusations of the innate greediness of Jews, but also views about their “natural” business instincts.

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Aging, Family, and Preferences for Care among Older Jews and Arabs

Dafna Halperin

This study aims to identify future care preferences and examine the associations between personal resources, filial expectations, and family relations and the preferences of independent elderly Jews and Arabs aged 65 and over, using mixed methods. Data were collected using structured interviews of 168 Jews and 175 Arabs; additionally, 20 Jews and Arabs were interviewed in depth to enable more detailed analysis. The main findings show the effects of the modernization and individualization processes on elder preferences. Significant differences were found between Jews and Arabs for most variables. Whereas Jews' first preference was formal care, with mixed care following as second, Arabs preferred mixed care to other types. Differences in several factors associated with preference for mixed care were also noted, including in categories that were identified in the qualitative phase, such as 'dignity' versus 'honor' and the meaning of 'home'.

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‘Good Jew, Bad Jew’

Racism, Anti-Semitism and the Assault on Meaning (An Interview with Steven Friedman)

Steven Friedman and Laurence Piper

In this interview, conducted in December 2023, we speak to leading South African political analyst Steven Friedman about his latest book, Good Jew, Bad Jew: Racism, Anti-Semitism and the Assault on Meaning. 1 Steven Friedman is a South African

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An Autobiographical Sketch

Ruth Weyl

I was a child of about twelve years when in 1936 following the never-ending discriminatory legislation in the wake of the 1935 so-called Nuremberg Laws, it was decreed that Jews must return their weapons or medals from the First World War.1 No way was my father, although a life-long pacifist, willing to hand over his mementos of that dreadful war. And so I was allowed to witness how my parents retrieved an iron cross, a number of medals, among them incidentally one from the king of Bulgaria and the emperor of Austria who were German allies in the First World War, and in particular his cavalry sword, from a large trunk in the vast loft of our flat, wrapped them in what I think must have been a blanket, to ditch them later that night in the River Spree.

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Jews and Arabs

Lionel Blue

I Write this article for those Jews who expect their Rabbis to tell the truth as they see it as honestly as they can. Truth is not an easy thing to see as the pressures of modern life tend to make us polish an ‘image’, curry favours from a

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Moroccan Jews in Modern Times

Orientations and Reorientations

Norman A. Stillman

at the opening of the exhibition on 14 October 2010, and there were monthly lectures and films in conjunction with the exhibition, culminating seven months later in the May conference. In April 2010, Yale University held a symposium on the Jews of

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Walking Memory

Berlin's “Holocaust Trail“

Maria Pia Di Bella

Since the early 1990s, Berlin has developed what I call a “Holocaust trail“-circa twenty-five officially dedicated memorial sites recalling significant historical events leading to the Final Solution-without acknowledging it yet as a “trail.“ Berlin is already well known for its two famous museums-memorials: the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (2005) and the Jewish Museum (2001), two strong statements meant to show how the town deals with the heritage of the Holocaust, how it tries to underline the absolute impossibility of its erasure from social memory and to fight revisionism. The different memorial sites of the Holocaust trail came into existence thanks to multiple initiatives that allowed the town to become a true laboratory for the politics of memory concerning the crimes of the Nazi state and the sufferings of the Jewish citizens that fell victim to the state's genocide.

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Aspects of Spanish Acculturation among Moroccan Jews

Moisés Orfali

Spain itself. Alongside these romances , additional popular songs such as complas , consejas , cuentos and canciones were kept alive as well. The Jews, however, were happy to absorb new songs brought in from Spain. As early as the first quarter of

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Reconsidering Voltaire on Jews and Judaism in Le Dictionnaire philosophique

Arthur Scherr

Testament Jews, which he probably expected his “enlightened” readers not to take literally, Voltaire was far more appreciative of the abilities and aspirations of the Jewish people than he is often portrayed, even in respected academic works. Unfortunately

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Queer Jews Talking Their Way in

Rachel Adler

heterosexual. For a long time, the conversationalists failed to notice that there were people whispering on the periphery: women both straight and lesbian, gay men, bisexuals, transsexuals, Jews of colour, differently abled Jews. Only in the last forty years