This article explores early modern English travelers' representations of and responses to the trades and professions of contemporary Jews. Professions were important social markers for early modern people, and the way Jews and their “professions” were commented on opens a novel perspective on the ways early modern Englishmen encountered Jews both in Europe and outside it. Observing foreign professions and trades was expected of travelers, since it revealed important aspects of foreign societies, their prosperity, civility, and treatment of their subjects. Portrayals of Jewish professionals provided a space to explore the customs and way of life of Jews, to present arguments for and against admitting Jews, or indeed any other strangers, to reside in England and elsewhere. In addition, these texts educated readers about foreign trades and professions and mapped the fluctuations of trade and commerce in foreign countries. This provided English readers of travel literature with conflicting information about the harms and benefits of Jewish presence, accusations of the innate greediness of Jews, but also views about their “natural” business instincts.
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Jews of All Trades
Jews and Their Professions in Early Modern English Travel Writing
Eva Johanna Holmberg
This study aims to identify future care preferences and examine the associations between personal resources, filial expectations, and family relations and the preferences of independent elderly Jews and Arabs aged 65 and over, using mixed methods. Data were collected using structured interviews of 168 Jews and 175 Arabs; additionally, 20 Jews and Arabs were interviewed in depth to enable more detailed analysis. The main findings show the effects of the modernization and individualization processes on elder preferences. Significant differences were found between Jews and Arabs for most variables. Whereas Jews' first preference was formal care, with mixed care following as second, Arabs preferred mixed care to other types. Differences in several factors associated with preference for mixed care were also noted, including in categories that were identified in the qualitative phase, such as 'dignity' versus 'honor' and the meaning of 'home'.
I Write this article for those Jews who expect their Rabbis to tell the truth as they see it as honestly as they can. Truth is not an easy thing to see as the pressures of modern life tend to make us polish an ‘image’, curry favours from a
Moroccan Jews in Modern Times
Orientations and Reorientations
Norman A. Stillman
at the opening of the exhibition on 14 October 2010, and there were monthly lectures and films in conjunction with the exhibition, culminating seven months later in the May conference. In April 2010, Yale University held a symposium on the Jews of
Berlin's “Holocaust Trail“
Maria Pia Di Bella
Since the early 1990s, Berlin has developed what I call a “Holocaust trail“-circa twenty-five officially dedicated memorial sites recalling significant historical events leading to the Final Solution-without acknowledging it yet as a “trail.“ Berlin is already well known for its two famous museums-memorials: the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (2005) and the Jewish Museum (2001), two strong statements meant to show how the town deals with the heritage of the Holocaust, how it tries to underline the absolute impossibility of its erasure from social memory and to fight revisionism. The different memorial sites of the Holocaust trail came into existence thanks to multiple initiatives that allowed the town to become a true laboratory for the politics of memory concerning the crimes of the Nazi state and the sufferings of the Jewish citizens that fell victim to the state's genocide.
Spain itself. Alongside these romances , additional popular songs such as complas , consejas , cuentos and canciones were kept alive as well. The Jews, however, were happy to absorb new songs brought in from Spain. As early as the first quarter of
Testament Jews, which he probably expected his “enlightened” readers not to take literally, Voltaire was far more appreciative of the abilities and aspirations of the Jewish people than he is often portrayed, even in respected academic works. Unfortunately
heterosexual. For a long time, the conversationalists failed to notice that there were people whispering on the periphery: women both straight and lesbian, gay men, bisexuals, transsexuals, Jews of colour, differently abled Jews. Only in the last forty years
Jews and Christians in Vichy France
New and Renewed Perspectives
The publication of new research relating to the positions taken by Jews and Christians in Vichy France continues apace, as witness the selection here of a large number of works published since 2012. * 1 In considering them, we have limited
finished; only in Israel can a Jew be a Jew, upright and unafraid; only in Israel do Jews have a future. Make aliyah for the sake of your family and its future; fail to make aliyah and your children will assimilate – that is, if the goyim will ever allow