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The Task of the Hebrew Translation

Reading into Othello’s Indian/Iudean Crux in the First Hebrew Translation

Eran Tzelgov

Salkinson, were made following the explicit request of his editor, Peretz Smolenskin, one of the most prominent figures of the late Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment). In what follows, I will examine how Salkinson and Smolenskin negotiated one of the most

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German Rabbis Abroad as Cultural Agents?

Tobias Grill and Cornelia Wilhelm

During the second half of the eighteenth century, the Haskalah, the Jewish enlightenment movement, emerged in Germany to reconcile science and rationalism with Judaism. Such a programme was considered a prerequisite for a rapprochement between Jews and Gentiles. The Maskilim, the Jewish Enlighteners, regarded it as absolutely necessary to adapt Jewish life to modernity, in order to preserve Judaism. One of the main goals of the Haskalah programme, which portended a renunciation of the traditional dominance of religious education, was the acquisition and dissemination of secular knowledge. German Jews increasingly attended common schools or established their own modern educational institutions where secular knowledge was imparted, while the teaching of religious subjects had lost much of its earlier significance. Consequently, religion ceased to dominate all spheres of life and became merely a part of it.

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Shakespeare and the Jews

Lily Kahn

with Shakespeare goes back to the beginning of the Jewish Enlightenment in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, when Hebrew authors in Central Europe first began looking to Shakespeare as a literary role model and candidate for

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Philo of Stockholm

The Unrequited Love of Rabbi Marcus Ehrenpreis

Göran Rosenberg

occurred in the conservative study houses’. 2 Although this certainly was a generation with strong enlightening ambitions for Judaism, it was also a generation to which the shortcomings and failures of the earlier Jewish enlightenment, the Haskala, had

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Alexandra Wright

birthday present. In April 1829, Felix Mendelssohn conducted the first public performance of the St Matthew Passion since the death of Bach, one hundred years after the birth of his grandfather, Moses Mendelssohn, who did so much for Jewish Enlightenment

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The Conceptual and Anthropological History of Bat Mitzvah

Two Lexical Paths and Two Jewish Identities

Hizky Shoham

slammed the confirmation ceremonies as artificial. A very early occurrence is found in Hamelitz , a daily associated with Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah) circles in Eastern Europe, in 1895. The article mocked the confirmation ceremonies in the United

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Nick Underwood

make Jewish immigrant women into French Communist Jewish women. By subverting Eastern European maskilic (the male proponents of the Jewish Enlightenment in Eastern Europe) gender ideals, Jewish immigrants in Paris were able to embrace “working women

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Uzi Meshulam and the ‘Mishkan Ohalim’ Affair

The Influence of Radical Ultra-Orthodoxy

Motti Inbari

, Shapira (1848) labels Reform Judaism and the Jewish Enlightenment movement (Haskalah) as the reincarnation of the mixed multitude (see also Sorotzkin 2007: 193–203 ). Rabbi Teitelbaum argued that current time is at the beginning of the pre

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A Woman of Valor Goes to Court

Tort Law as an Instrument of Social Change under Multiculturalism

Ella Glass and Yifat Bitton

as new and complex ( Caplan 2008 ; Leon 2011 ). Jewish ultra-Orthodoxy originated in Europe as a counter-reaction to the secular Jewish Enlightenment movement (Haskalah) and was developed over time as a survival method by Ashkenazi religious Jews