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History and Transport Policy

The Swiss Experience

Ueli Haefeli, Fritz Kobi, and Ulrich Seewer

Based on analysis of two case studies in the Canton of Bern, this article examines the question of knowledge transfer from history to transport policy and planning in the recent past in Switzerland. It shows that for several reasons, direct knowledge transfer did not occur. In particular, historians have seldom become actively involved in transport planning and policy discourses, probably partly because the academic system offers no incentive to do so. However, historical knowledge has certainly influenced decision-making processes indirectly, via personal reflection of the actors in the world of practice or through Switzerland's strongly developed modes of political participation. Because the potential for knowledge transfer to contribute to better policy solutions has not been fully utilized, we recommend strengthening the role of existing interfaces between science and policy.

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Imparting Ethno-aesthetic Knowledge in John Hawkesworth’s Report on Cook’s First Voyage to the South Pacific (1768–1771)

Sebastian Kaufmann

it in fictional literary texts. In the following I wish to address a specific form of anthropological knowledge transfer, namely, ethno-aesthetic knowledge transfer in John Hawkesworth’s report on Cook’s first voyage to the South Pacific, 4 and I

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Racialized Capacities and Transgressive Mobility

“Asian” Laborers and “Western” Urban Transportation in Colonial Manila and Singapore

Michael D. Pante

This article places race at the analytical center of a comparative urban transport history of early twentieth-century Singapore and Manila. It focuses on motorization, as seen in the influx and eventual dominance of streetcars and automobiles. The British and the American colonizers turned these Western-made vehicles into symbols of colonial modernity, defined in racialized terms. They regarded the different “Asiatics” as naturally ill-equipped to handle streetcars and automobiles, and when the colonized proved them wrong, the colonizers framed these acts using the racialist discourse of “potentiality.” Nevertheless, the native transport laborers appropriated motorized vehicles in ways that the colonizers did not imagine. Machines presented the natives a world of knowledge, which was maximized for financial gain. The acquisition of various forms of knowledge thus revealed a paradox of the civilizing mission: the colonizers exposed natives to the world of civilized knowledge, but the acquisition of this knowledge disrupted colonial discipline.

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Itinerant Knowledge Production in European Travel Writing


Florian Krobb and Dorit Müller

and unknown into familiar aesthetic and representational frameworks. Travel and its dynamics provide a structure for any attempt at knowledge transfer, which is particularly important when it comes to the communication of phenomena (sights, experiences

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Knowledge, Travel, and Embodied Thought

Restlessness in Herder’s Journal of My Voyage in the Year 1769

John K. Noyes

drive to knowledge transfer: “How little progress would we have made, were each nation to strive for learnedness by itself, confined within the narrow sphere of its language? A Newton of our land would torture himself striving for a discovery that, for

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New Mobilities, Spaces, and Ideas to Market

European Travel Writers and the Making of a Genre—Comment

Steven D. Spalding

a delightful speculative imagining of what travel writing could be and its great potential as a reflexive mode of knowledge transfer. In this piece, John K. Noyes examines what is a rather unorthodox piece of travel writing, one that ignores

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German Refugee Rabbis in the United States and the Formation of ‘the Last Generation of the German Rabbinate’

Cornelia Wilhelm

the knowledge transfer connected with their migration, or their integration into a new Judaism, has been explored in great detail. Their memoirs and intense commemorations of a world lost to them, and their sometimes late confrontations with Germany

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On the Edge of Turbulent Times

Transatlantic Readings on Political Institutions by Mexican and Argentinian Law Alumni, 1920s–1940s

Ignacio Alejandro López

licenciados and JD candidates are privileged tools that we can use to understand legal “cultures,” knowledge transfers, and mediations. 10 These works articulated important visions and discussions about legal thought within these academic spaces and new

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Theater 44 (2) “Performance Curators” (2014) and Theater 47 (1) “Curating Crisis” (2017); The Parma Manifesto (1968)

Bertie Ferdman, Tom Sellar, and Frederic Rzewski

, Germany, “Beyond Curating: Strategies of Knowledge Transfer in Dance, Performance, and Visual Arts.” It then took four years before your “Performance Curators” issue of Theater was published, and then another three years until “Curating Crisis.” The

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Archives, Heritage, and Communities

Elizabeth C. Macknight

This article presents two case studies, from Scotland and the Scottish Islands, of communities' engagement with archives and their attitudes toward heritage. The case studies arise out of knowledge transfer between an historian employed in an academic role at a Scottish university and two “third sector“ organizations. By comparing the perspectives of historians, archivists, and community organizations the article shows the different ways in which these separate interest groups perceive the value of archives. It then points to some of the possibilities and challenges of working collaboratively to deepen understanding about the past and to create wider opportunities, now and in the future, for historical interpretation, teaching, learning, and research. In the era of digital technologies, it is recommended that undergraduate students be taught the key concepts of archival theory and practice, while also being encouraged to experience working with original archival documents.