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Methods, Interpretation, and Ethics in the Study of White Supremacist Perpetrators

Kathleen M. Blee

Interpretive and ethical frameworks circumscribe how we study the perpetrators of politically motivated violence against civilian populations. This article revisits the author’s studies of two eras of white supremacism in the United States, the 1920s and 1980s–1990s, to examine how these were affected by four frameworks of inquiry: the assumption of agency, the allure of the extraordinary, the tendency to categorical analysis, and the presumption of net benefit. It concludes with suggestions on how scholars can avoid the limitations of these frameworks.

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Drive-By Solidarity

Conceptualizing the Temporal Relationship between #BlackLivesMatter and Anonymous's #OpKKK

Jared M. Wright, Kaitlin Kelly-Thompson, S. Laurel Weldon, Dan Goldwasser, Rachel L. Einwohner, Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, and Fernando Tormos-Aponte

between Anonymous and BLM that, as we describe in this article, began in November 2014 when hacktivists successfully intervened to defend BLM protesters from the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). Mobilizations like these show evidence of one group (Anonymous) acting

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Postmodern Southern Vacations

Vacation Advertising, Globalization, and Southern Regionalism

Amy J. Elias

On January 5, 1999, the evening news programmes in Birmingham, Alabama reported that the upcoming Martin Luther King, Jr. Day might be marred by civic unrest. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan had spent the 1998 King holiday inciting riots in Memphis, Tennessee, and this year, they were apparently going to focus on downtown Birmingham. Newscasters such as the urbane African American female anchor from Channel 13, Malena Cunningham, featured clips of Birmingham’s five-term, African American mayor, Richard Arrington, saying gracefully and with a hint of condescension that constitutionally the Klan had the right of public protest but that Birmingham’s best strategy would be to pay them no mind. The Klan was coming to Birmingham, Alabama.

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Benjamin Abrams, Giovanni A. Travaglino, Peter R. Gardner, and Brian Callan

. Wright, Kaitlin Kelly-Thompson, S. Laurel Weldon, Dan Goldwasser, Rachel L. Einwohner, Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, and Fernando Tormos-Aponte examine the case of Anonymous's “Operation KKK” (#OpKKK), an online hacktivist campaign to expose Ku Klux Klan

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Black Lives Matter

The Black Lives Matter Movement in the National Museum of African American History and Culture

Rod Clare

implementation of Black Codes, Ku Klux Klan terrorism, sharecropping contracts, city zoning laws, segregation, and various other means. In fact, it can be said that blacks gained any semblance of true mobility in the country only in the early 1970s when the

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Beyond (and Before) the Transnational Turn

Recovering Civil Disobedience as Decolonizing Praxis

Erin Pineda

—the revival of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, timed with the release of D.W. Griffith's paean to the old Klan in The Birth of a Nation, a film famously screened at the White House and praised by Woodrow Wilson. By 1922, the Klan boasted over a million

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Sites of Girlhood

Tiffany Rhoades Isselhardt

were members of the Ku Klux Klan. All four girls were killed, and another twenty-two people were injured. White supremacists celebrated the bombing, with Ku Klux Klan leader Connie Lynch stating that the four girls were not children. He said, “Children

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Sardinian Lives Matter

Dynamics and Reactions in an Italian Internal Colony

Luca Lai and Sharon Watson

dressing up as the Ku Klux Klan for carnival (2017) and one of the authors being approached for sex work (9 a.m., main street, Cagliari, 2011), because that is what black women are thought to do. Immigrants blocked from formal sectors of the economy are

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The Social Life of Fighting Words

The Case of Political Correctness

Ronald S. Stade

. Williams, who eventually was forced into exile because local authorities in collusion with the Ku Klux Klan and FBI had trumped up charges against him, was one of many World War II veterans who had returned to the Southern United States with its Jim Crow

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Museums and the Citizenship of Hate

The Michael Volkerling Memorial Lecture 2021

Kylie Message

. Expressions of hate—such as historical Ku Klux Klan materials at the National Museum of American History—have in the past been deemed “not in the public interest” and thereby removed from sight ( Message 2014 ; for other reasons, see also Message, in press