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Eamonn Slater and Michel Peillon

This article argues that the physical structure of the front garden and its ecosystem is determined by an ensemble of diverse social and natural processes. The essential social form is that of visuality, an abstract compositional force that provides conventions for assessing objects as well as for reshaping their surface countenance and establishing their location within the garden. Accordingly, the social processes of visuality are materially realized in the labor processes of gardening, while their consumption is mediated through the concrete process of gazing. The identified social processes include the prospect, aesthetic, and panoptic dimensions of visuality. Labor conceives and creates them, while the physical structures and the natural processes reproduce and maintain them beyond the production time attributed to gardening. But they are increasingly undermined by the natural tendency of the plant ecosystem to grow. Consequently, the essential contradiction of the front garden is how the laws and tendencies of the plant ecosystem act as a countertendency to the social forms of visuality. This article demonstrates that beneath the surface appearance, there exists complex relationships between nature and society in this space we call the front garden.

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The men who knew too much

Sardines, skills, and the labor process in Jaffa, Israel, 1948–1979

Naor Ben-Yehoyada

This historical anthropology of the rise and fall of Israel's post-1948 sardine purse-seining development project shows what happens when marginalized groups, who are initially excluded as “backward” or “primitive”, enter modernization projects that are based on politics of skillfulness and experts' control over the labor process. By focusing on the role that skills play in the struggle between experts and artisans over the labor process, I show how the dynamics within state-run production apparatuses can make workers and experts face dilemmas about productivity, profit, and effectiveness, leading to such projects' implosion. This mode of analysis exposes the contradictions within projects of governance as well as in their relational intersection with the people they subjugate and exclude.

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Putting-out’s return

Informalization and differential subsumption in Thailand’s garment sector

Stephen Campbell

sale of her labor power. This subsumption was “merely formal” because the merchant capitalist did not yet intervene to alter the production process—through mechanization, for example. Instead, with formal subsumption, “capital subsumes the labor process

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The anthropology of human-environment relations

Materialism with and without Marxism

Penny McCall Howard

grounds and, more broadly, how humans perceive, experience, and transform the environments they find themselves in, in every moment of their lives. Human actions in developing the affordances of their environments are labor processes, and Marx defined

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Social Quality

Regaining Political Economy

Peter Herrmann

salis we find the same pattern when it comes to the labor process. In general terms labor is the only source of value. Importantly, however, we find the process of realization specifically defined: it is about “trading” labor power. Also importantly

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Marxian anthropology resurgent

Patrick Neveling and Luisa Steur

’s magnum opus, Das Kapital , opens with a detailed study of the industrial labor process, on the basis of which Marx identifies and defines how capital is accumulated by the owners of the means of production; capitalists ( Marx and Engels 1965 ). The

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Terry-Ann Jones

, Eduardo Rios-Neto, and Donald McQuarie, “The Labor Process among Temporary Workers in the São Paulo Sugar Industry,” Critical Sociology 23, no. 3 (1997): 33–63, here 34. 28 Vicente de P.R. da Silva, Sonaly D. de Oliveira, Carlos A.C. dos Santos, and

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Urban tourism via dispossession of oeuvres

Labor as a common denominator

Marc Morell

“commoning is embedded in a labor process [and c]ommon rights are entered into by labor” ( Linebaugh 2008: 45 ). Labor is found at all levels within society, to the extent that it decides capital’s outcome (for an early thesis on the “social factory,” see

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The commons, property, and ownership

Suggestions for further discussion

Katharina Bodirsky

labor process. … Common rights are entered into by labor” (2008: 45). The concrete shape of property relations is a key dimension of this; they shape “what people are expected to do in their everyday lives, with whom and under what conditions they will

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Don Nonini

production of exchange value through the capitalist industrial labor process, which involves the appropriation of surplus value and its subsequent realization when the industrial capitalist sells “his” product, thus leading to his accumulation of capital