Using the concept that landscapes are ideas formed by viewers about their physical surroundings, this article examines visitors' landscape perceptions of two peripheral regions of Europe: Gyimes in the Romanian Eastern Carpathians, and Las Hurdes in the Northern Extremadura of Spain. Both are characterized by exceptional, historically-evolved cultural landscapes and a population that culturally or ethnically differs from the national mainstream surrounding them. Based on literature review, expert consultations, and a questionnaire survey conducted in the research areas, I conclude that due to historical developments, socio-economic settings, and ethnic differences, the outsiders' view of these landscapes can be strongly distorted. In the tourist, misinformation and wishful thinking create a “mental map” that does not represent reality. I also note that along with having a possible impact on inhabitants' landscape perception and their strong regional identity, the outsiders' view might influence policy decisions and therefore the general development of a region.
Remaking Rural Landscapes in Twenty-first Century Europe
The management of agriculture has long played a key role in efforts to remake European borders, landscapes and identities. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been a centerpiece of European collaboration and debate since the first steps were taken to establish the European Community after the Second World War. Launched by the Treaty of Rome in 1957, it was first designed to regulate the agricultural market and protect food security across the original six member states of France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. With successive European enlargements and ongoing transformations in the world agricultural markets, the CAP has been in continual negotiation.
British Prehistoric Collections and Archaeology in the Museums of the Future
Catherine. J. Frieman and Neil Wilkin
PAS, in recent years British prehistory has seen a number of important projects underpinned by big datasets, for instance the EngLaId (English Landscapes and Identities) project at the University of Oxford 11 and the Atlantic Europe in the Metal Ages
The Plundered Archives of the Palestinian Cinema Institution and Cultural Arts Section
of unity and simple, idyllic past, and homogeneity of the lost landscape and identity, through the Nakba and the rupture, to the uprising, struggle and revolution ( Gertz and Khleifi 2006: 9 ). In 2015, I showed Tamam Al-Akhal and her sons Shammout