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Giuseppe Gazzola and Karen J. Leader

Simone Castaldi, Drawn and Dangerous: Italian Comics of the 1970s and 1980s Giuseppe Gazzola

Joel E. Vessels, Drawing France: French Comics and the Republic Karen J. Leader

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From steward to leader

A decade of shifting roles for the PhD student

Corina Balaban

societal needs’ ( Nerad and Evans 2014: 1 ). Of course, these ‘needs’ are constantly changing and so are the envisioned roles that the PhD student is expected to play: from apprentice, to steward of the discipline and, in more recent literature, leader

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Denis Vuka

, where the dynamic aura surrounding each of these glorious historic climaxes was further heightened by the presence of a national leader. This article addresses the visual construction of the myth of the national leader in Albanian textbooks. While some

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Yael S. Aronoff

I analyze the actions of Israeli prime ministers in the long-standing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, comparing one prime minister who remained hard-line and one who evolved into a peace maker. By examining their belief systems and individual characteristics, I hypothesize the types of hawks that are more likely to change their views of an opponent and convert into peace-makers. Although a change in both the opponent and the environment is necessary for a leader to change his image of an enemy, three additional elements make change more probable: (1) a weak ideological commitment, or a commitment to an ideology that does not have its components articulated as obstacles; (2) a present or future individual time orientation; (3) either a flexible cognitive system or exposure and openness to a significant advisor who has a different view of the opponent.

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Sakha Community Leaders and Their Historical Mission

The Relevance of Soviet Ideology to Contemporary Sakha Politics

Eleanor Peers

This report presents an analysis of material from regional government-owned newspapers in the Republic of Sakha (Iakutiia). The analysis reveals a high level of respect for Sakha community leaders who regard the technological and industrial progress of the Sakha people as their main interest. The newspapers indicate tolerance for Sakha nationalism on the part of the republican government, even though this tolerance could jeopardize its relationship with the Russian Federation's central government.

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Ajume H. Wingo

, the policies of Kwame Nkrumah, a philosopher and the leader of Ghana and its predecessor state, the Gold Coast, from 1951 to 1966, were strongly influenced by the received view. This influence is evident in his pan-Africanism and his role in founding

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Katrin Scharfenkamp and Alexander Dilger

Are the highest politicians better qualified than their peers? In this article, we analyze differences between chancellors, vice chancellors, and ministers of the inner or residual cabinets of the German federal governments between 1949 and 2009 with respect to their social backgrounds and educational, economic, as well as political human capital. Different statistical methods reveal no clear primacy of chancellors or vice chancellors over other members of government. Interestingly, inner cabinets have higher qualifications than residual cabinets, as well as partly chancellors and vice chancellors.

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Clay Clemens

As chair of the CDU in 2000, and of its joint Bundestag caucus with the CSU in 2002, Angela Merkel was the fist woman and fist easterner to head a major German party; she had risen as a protege of Helmut Kohl, but breaking with him over his financial improprieties vaulted her into power. These features of her biography made her leadership unconventional. So too did her style, characterized by interpersonal reserve and lack of charisma. Merkel's views on cultural issues and economic policy-in particular, reform of the welfare state-were more liberal than those of her Union's mainstream. Finally, her resources within the CDU/CSU were limited to a loose network of younger outsiders, who helped sustain her against rivals at the Land level. While Merkel survived a poor CDU/CSU election in 2005 to become chancellor, her time as opposition leader suggested that she would struggle in that role too, yet also served as a caution against underrating her.

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Zohar Segev

This article examines American Zionist leaders' positions on the Jerusalem issue, taking into consideration that from the 1920s until 1948, they acted within the Zionist movement as an independent political force that sought to play an active role in shaping the Yishuv and the State of Israel according to their own worldview. Their position on Jerusalem included recognition of its significance in Jewish history and the necessity of consolidating Jewish nationalism in Palestine. Yet they demonstrated a clear preference for social and economic patterns that, they maintained, had consolidated in Tel Aviv as a counterbalance to Jerusalem.

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*Full article is in Spanish

Asunto: COMUNICADO DE EXIGIBILIDAD El pasado 10 de diciembre (Día Internacional de los Derechos Humanos), las familias desconectadas de los servicios públicos de energía, agua y saneamiento básico, decidimos tomarnos la calle para expresar nuestro inconformismo frente a los alumbrados navideños, realizando una acción directa de noviolencia denominada “Empresas públicas de Medellín (EPM), luz en las calles, oscuridad en las casas” y bajo la consigna “EPM y Alcaldía, miseria y exclusión noche y día.” Esta acción la realizamos en una de las avenidas donde anualmente se instalan los mejores alumbrados navideños, llamada la Playa, porque estamos en contra del despilfarro que se hace, ya que si bien son bonitos, costaron 18.000 millones de pesos y con ese dinero se pudieran reconectar más de 20.000 hogares que en la actualidad, no tienen ni con qué prender un bombillo o poder cocinar en sus casas.