There is a tendency to see the history of intellectual engagement during the Dreyfus Affair as a study of the Dreyfusard Left. However, this approach marginalizes the existence of self-proclaimed intellectuals of the anti-Dreyfusard Right and diminishes our appreciation of the complexity of the debates. This article explores the efforts of self-proclaimed anti-Dreyfusard intellectuals, such as Maurice Barrès, to claim the title of intellectual, redefine intellectual responsibility according to right-wing values, and reconstruct intellectual collective identity around their own social and cultural experience.
Intellectual Identity in Fin de Siècle France
attaques haineuses contre Durkheim culmineront avec l'incident Gaudin de Villaine au Sénat le 23 mars 1916. Voir Becker (2003) . 14 H. Clément a été idéologiquement très engagé. Fondateur de la Ligue de la patrie française en Creuse, correspond local de
Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900
earlier writers. Both, however, had become somewhat intellectually marginalized by the late 1890s thanks to their visible involvement in the antidreyfusard Ligue de la patrie française during the Dreyfus Affair, which had divided the intellectual