Critics generally agree that Beauvoir's novel Les Mandarins, which won the Prix Goncourt in 1954, is an important work of historical fiction, chronicling the lives and loves of left-wing intellectuals in Paris during the years following World War II. In this essay I argue that Les Mandarins is as much about the war as about the postwar, and that its meaning for contemporary readers was deeply linked (even if not in a fully recognized way) to memories of the troubled period of the Occupation. I develop the concept of “ambivalent memory,” as it refers in particular to two of the most problematic aspects of that period: the role of the Vichy government in the persecution of Jews, and the ambiguities and disagreements concerning the Resistance. More generally, the novel raises questions about memory and its inevitable obverse, forgetting. It is from our own contemporary perspective, heavily informed by concerns over memory and World War II, that this aspect of Les Mandarins comes to the fore.
Remembering the Occupation in Simone de Beauvoir's Les Mandarins
Susan Rubin Suleiman
Empowering Critical Memory Consciousness in Education
The Example of 22 July 2011 in Norway
Alexandre Dessingué and Ketil Knutsen
of memory work rather than of passive memory transmission, is one that memory studies has yet to fully embrace.” 13 Agreeing with Paulson, our assumption is that history education provides a partial answer as to what a critical memory
1968 – The Resonant Memory of a Rebellious Year
Donatella della Porta
with memory studies, arguing that social movement studies should give more attention to how movement events are remembered by subsequent movements. Furthermore, I suggest that the memory of 1968 is selective, contested, and changing. Memory can be
Louwagie's background in second-generation writing and memory studies, this issue brings together articles by scholars and artists on the underexplored topic of second-generation visual art practices. I would like to add a serendipitous note. The article
Memories of Migration
Commemoration, Contestation, and Migrant Integration in the United Kingdom and Germany
Barbara Laubenthal and Kevin Myers
migrants? This article attempts to further theorize the relationship between memory and integration by combining our reflections on integration with concepts from memory studies and by empirically analyzing how migration is remembered in two different
Jerusalem’s Alternative Collective Memory Agents
“At the end of October 1939, the French sociologist Maurice Halbwachs,” the founder of collective memory studies, “visited the convent of the Sisters of Our Lady of Sion and looked at the excavations under it” ( Lemire 2017: 56 ). A few years
The South Side of Heaven
A Journey along the Iranian Collective Memory in Iran-Iraq War Memorial Sites
Most Euro-American memory studies stress this ‘narrative fetishism’ ( Schwab 2010 ) and ‘performative memory’ ( Huyssen 1995 ) are attempts to expunge traces of the trauma that made the narratives necessary in first place. However, none of them ask if
Memory Practices in the Classroom
On Reproducing, Destabilizing and Interrupting Majority Memories
Johanna Ahlrichs, Katharina Baier, Barbara Christophe, Felicitas Macgilchrist, Patrick Mielke, and Roman Richtera
This article draws on memory studies and media studies to explore how memory practices unfold in schools today. It explores history education as a media- saturated cultural site in which particular social orderings and categorizations emerge as commonsensical and others are contested. Describing vignettes from ethnographic fieldwork in German secondary schools, this article identifies different memory practices as a nexus of pupils, teachers, blackboards, pens, textbooks, and online videos that enacts what counts as worth remembering today: reproduction; destabilization without explicit contestation; and interruption. Exploring mediated memory practices thus highlights an array of (often unintended) ways of making the past present.
Spanish comics represent an exciting and diverse field, but with few exceptions they are unknown to most comics scholars outside of Spain. This is one important reason behind choosing the subject for not only one but two special issues of European Comic Art. Another reason is the opportunity to draw attention to the extensive comics research in Spanish, and a third is that a national comics focus such as this one contributes to two perspectives within comics research that are very much in vogue, namely transnational studies and memory studies. The six articles included in this issue contribute in different ways to one or all three of these concerns and, despite their necessarily limited number, represent a surprisingly broad spectrum of historical periods, genres and themes.
Shakespeare and the Cultures of Commemoration
Ton Hoenselaars and Clara Calvo
This 'Introduction' argues a case for extending memory studies with the study of commemoration, or of 'historical remembrance' (Jay Winter). Memory and commemoration play a vital role not only in the work of Shakespeare, but also in the process that has made him a world author. There is no single approach to the phenomenon of commemoration, as it occurs on many levels, has a long history, and is highly unpredictable in its manifestations. A serious study of commemorative practices involving Shakespeare – preferably with an international focus, and comparative in scope to include the afterlives of other artists – is likely to enhance our appreciation of the dynamics of authorship, literary fame, and afterlives in its broader socio-historical contexts.