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Vincent Martigny

The 2007 Presidential election has been the occasion of a fierce debate between Nicolas Sarkozy and Segolène Royal on the issue of national identity. The victory of Nicolas Sarkozy has led to the creation of a Ministry of National Identity and Immigration, linking in a controversial way the management of newcomers and their acceptance of allegedly historical national "values." This article examines the debate during the campaign. It provides an analysis of the reasons why the definition and defense of national identity was discussed in the course of the election, and outlines the viewpoints of the two candidates on this issue. Finally, it argues that the temptation to fix politically the content of national identity is an ancient one in France. What has been presented as part of Nicolas Sarkozy's "rupture" with the past in this domain is in fact the latest development of a form of "state nationalism" that has been prevailing in France in recent decades.

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Governing Global Aeromobility

Canada and Airport Refugee Claimants in the 1980s

Bret Edwards

that screened and authorized their right to travel. In 1985, Brian McQuillan, the Ministry of Immigration’s director of case review, had justified the forthcoming transit visas as a necessary preventive measure against suspected illegal travelers

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In Their Best Interests

Diplomacy, Ethics, and Competition in the French World of Adoption

Sébastien Roux

, Rapport sur l'adoption , 227. 24 However, the Canadian case is slightly different (and unique) in that its central authority for the federal government is affiliated with the Ministry of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, which is separate from the

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‘We Were Refugees and Carried a Special Burden’

Emotions, Brazilian Politics and the German Jewish Émigré Circle in São Paulo, 1933–1957

Björn Siegel

, German Catholic non-Aryan refugees – Jews who had predominately converted to Catholicism under Nazi oppression and were supposed to immigrate to Brazil under a treaty supervised by the Vatican (1938/39) – were targeted by the Ministry of Immigration and