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Doing bizness

Migrant smuggling and everyday life in the Maghreb

Line Richter

themselves. In this article, I look into the social lives of Malian men in the Maghreb involved in migrant smuggling from West Africa to Europe, which they often refer to as bizness . The notion of bizness (for the francophone) or business can, of course

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The Other Children of the French Republic

The Government of Kafala by the Institutions of Adoption

Aurélie Fillod-Chabaud

Research on adoptive parenthood in Europe pays little attention to the circulation of children between France and the Maghreb via the kafala, a fosterage system in Muslim law. However, the practices of the kafala system are constantly evolving

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Le choix du conjoint dans les sociétés musulmanes maghrébines contemporaines

Évolutions sociales et réformes juridiques

Pierre Bonte

Kinship and alliance studies are a significant part of anthropological work related to the Arab and Muslim world, but they tend to focus primarily on rural and tribal societies rather than on contemporary evolutions (urbanisation, migrations, etc.). This article centres on the construction of these new anthropological objects and uses multidisciplinary data to define its field of study: Muslim family law reforms, demographic transition, the evolution of women's condition, etc. The rising age of first-time brides is an important variable. It is one of the general aspects of reforms in current Muslim states, and these reforms are having a certain impact on the French statute law. At stake, as is often the case in anthropological research, is the question of women's choice regarding marriage. In contemporary contexts, the fact that women continue to commit to proximity consanguinity marriages underlines the persistence of the social and cultural determinations of marriage.

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Defiant Deviance and Franco-Moroccan Cinema's Queer Representations of Masculinity

Lowry Martin

gendered— that confine, configure, and conscript. These films from and about Morocco contest traditional ideas of masculinity and sexuality, and they contribute to a growing queer visibility that stretches from the Maghreb to the Gulf. I begin my analysis

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150 Years of Algerian Painting

Relevance for Understanding the Postcolonial Situation

François Pouillon

Precisely because the Maghreb rejects if not the contribution at least the spirit of the colonial period and claims to have access, above and beyond that period, to more ancient continuities, it invites the observer to meditate on certain constants we had lost sight of, and on the temporal vicissitudes that affect those constants. — Jacques Berque, 1965

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The Gendarmerie, Information Collection, and Colonial Violence in French North Africa Between the Wars

Martin Thomas

Focusing on the gendarmerie forces of the three French Maghreb territories, this article explores the relationships between paramilitary policing, the collection of political intelligence, and the form and scale of collective violence in the French Empire between the wars, and considers what, if anything, was specifically colonial about these phenomena. I also assess the changing priorities in political policing as France's North African territories became more unstable and violent during the Depression. The gendarmeries were overstretched, under-resourced, and poorly integrated into the societies they monitored. With the creation of dedicated riot control units, intelligenceled political policing of rural communities and the agricultural economy fell away. By 1939 the North African gendarmeries knew more about organized trade unions, political parties, and other oppositional groups in the Maghreb's major towns, but they knew far less about what really drove mass protest and political violence: access to food, economic prosperity, rural markets, and labor conditions.

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An Interview with Esther Bendahan

Adolfo Campoy-Cubillo and Esther Bendahan

This interview with the Sephardic novelist and translator Esther Bendahan provides unique insights into the historical events that surrounded the collapse of Jewish communities in Morocco during the second half of the twentieth century. Bendahan's knowledge of the social and political realities that informed Sephardic cultural production in Morocco, her ability as a scholar to interpret their significance in the wider context of Sephardism in the Maghreb, and her priceless insights as a first-hand witness of the diasporas triggered by the independence of European colonies throughout North Africa make her account and interpretation of these events extremely valuable. This interview pays special attention to the many ways in which Sephardic cultural production was, and remains, different from European traditions while simultaneously presenting itself as an intermediary between the East and the West.

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Book Reviewed in this article: Allen, Catherine J. 2002. The hold life has. Coca and cultural identity in an Andean Community (2nd edition). Bossen, Laurel. 2002. Chinese women and rural development. Sixty years of change in Lu Village, Yunnan. Cesari, Jocelyne (ed.). 2002. La Méditerranée des réseaux. Marchands, entrepreneurs et migrants entre l'Europe et le Maghreb. Peraldi, Michel (ed.). 2001. Cabas et containers. Activités marchandes informelles et réseaux migrants transfrontaliers. Peraldi, Michel (ed.). 2002. La fin des Norias. Réseaux migrants dans les économies comerçantes en Méditerranée. Coleman, Simon, and John Eade (eds.). 2004. Reframing pilgrimage. Cultures in motion. Collins, Jane L. 2003. Threads. Gender, labor and power in the global apparel industry. Fowler, Chris. 2004. The archaeology of personhood. An anthropological approach. Graeber, David. 2004. Fragments of an anarchist anthropology. Grimshaw, Anna and Amanda Ravetz (eds.). 2005. Visualizing anthropology. Hannerz, Ulf. 2004. Soulside. Inquiries into ghetto culture and community. Hayden, Cori. 2003. When nature goes public. The making and unmaking of bioprospecting in Mexico. Kerns, Virginia. 2003. Scenes from the high desert. Julian Steward's life and theory. Mythen, Gabe. 2004. Ulrich Beck. A critical introduction to the risk society. Parker, John, Leonard Mars, Paul Ransome and Hilary Stanworth. 2003. Social theory. A basic tool kit. Parnell, Philip C. and Stephanie C. Kane (eds.). 2003. Crime's power. Anthropologists and the ethnography of crime. Pink, Sarah, László Kürti and Ana Isabel Afonso (eds.). 2004. Working images. Visual research and representation in ethnography. Richards, Audrey I. 2004. Hunger and work in a savage tribe. A functional study of nutrition among the southern Bantu. Robben, Antonius C. G. M. (ed.). 2004. Death, mourning and burial. A cross‐cultural reader. Saeed, Fouzia. 2001. Taboo! The hidden culture of a red light area. Taschwer, Klaus and Benedikt Föger. 2003. Konrad Lorenz. Vale de Almedia, Miguel. 2004. An earth‐Colored sea. ‘Race’, culture and the politics of identify in the post‐colonial Portuguese‐speaking world.

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To Accompany and to Observe: Engaged Scholarship and Social Change Vis-à-Vis Sub-Saharan Transmigration in Morocco

An Interview with Mehdi Alioua

Sabina Barone and Mehdi Alioua

.” When one looks at history, people did not use to call themselves “Arab” so systematically. When it was necessary to encompass the whole, one spoke more of the Maghreb, of the Amazigh tribes and of Arabs, and also of Islam; we were Muslims. Meanwhile, on

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Modernity, Ḥadātha, and Modernité in the Works of Abdallah Laroui

Conceptual Translation and the Politics of Historicity

Nils Riecken

translating modernity into what has come to be known as “contemporary Arab thought” (Arabic al-fikr al-ʿarabī muʿāṣir , French la pensée arabe contemporaine ), that is, the intellectual production of self-critique in the Maghreb and the Mashreq since the