task, my analysis will be anchored in Martin Heidegger’s conception of homelessness in his existential discourse on ‘being’ (or ‘Dasein’) . Heidegger’s philosophy of existential phenomenology and his focus on the issue of ‘being’ provide a keen insight
Fatima Zahra Bessedik
Critiquing Presence with Sartre and Derrida
The traditional interpretation of the Sartre-Derrida relationship follows their own insistence that they are separated by a certain irreducible distance. Contemporary research has, however, questioned that assessment, mainly by reassessing the thought of Sartre to picture him as a precursor to poststructuralism/deconstruction. This article takes off from this stance to suggest that Sartre and Derrida are partners against a common enemy—ontological presence—but develop different paths to overcome it: Sartre affirming nothingness and Derrida affirming différance. While much work has been done on these concepts, they have rarely been used as the exclusive means through which to engage with the Sartre-Derrida relationship. Focusing on them reveals that while Sartrean nothingness and Derridean différance are oriented against ontological presence, the latter entails a radicalization of the former. Their relationship is not then one of opposition but rather one of disharmonious continuity.
Waria, Anticipation and Existential Endings in Bali, Indonesia
Coming face to face with the inevitable finitude of our existence has a way of clarifying what really matters to us. Such occasions of existential breakdown demand that we actively appropriate our lives and purposely decide how to project ourselves towards the future while drawing on the possibilities available to us. But what if these possibilities offer little for constructing a future we deem desirable? In this article I take a Heideggerian approach to anticipation in order to analyse waria’s (Indonesian transgender women) often-stated intention to ‘become normal again’, while seemingly never doing so. Here, then, anticipation is less about an orientation towards specific objectives and more about a response to existential demands, while keeping at bay undesirable futures. Waria’s anticipation of a future normal does not suggest an appeal of the normal but, rather, indicates a paucity of available possibilities to draw on in order to orient oneself differently.
T. M. S. Evens
This essay argues that the Manchester case study method or situational analysis has theoretical implications more radical than Gluckman was in a position to see, implications bearing on the nature of the reality of society. In effect, the essay is an anthropological exercise in ontology. It maintains that the problems situational analysis was designed to address were integral to, and hence irresolvable in, the Durkheimian social ontology then characterizing British social anthropology, and that situational analysis insinuated an altogether different ontology. The latter is adumbrated here by appeal to certain Heideggerian concepts in an effort to bring into relief the unique capacity of situational analysis to capture social practice in its dynamic openness and, correlatively, in relation to human agency as a distinctively creative force.
Looking at the Disability Arts Movement from an Anthropological Perspective
This article will bring together two strands of anthropological theories on art and artefacts, the disability arts movement and the phenomenological approach to the study of material things. All three of these different perspectives have one thing in common: they seek to understand entities – be they human or nonhuman – as defined by their agency and their intentionality. Looking at the disability arts movement, I will examine how the anthropology of art and agency, following Alfred Gell's theorem, is indeed the 'mobilisation of aesthetic principles in the course of social interaction', as Gell argued in Art and Agency. Art, thus, should be studied as a space in which agency, intention, causation, result and transformation are enacted and imagined. This has a striking resonance with debates within the disability arts movement, which suggests an affirmative model of disability and impairment, and in which art is seen as a tool to affirm, celebrate and transform rather than a way of expressing pain and sorrow. I will use case studies of Tanya Raabe-Webber's work and of artistic representations of the wheelchair in order to further explore these striking similarities and their potential to redefine the role of art in imagining the relationship between technology and personhood. I will finish by looking at Martin Heidegger's conceptualisation of the intentionality of things, as opposed to objects, and will apply this to some artwork rooted in the disability arts movement.
on the film’s representation of Arendt’s and Martin Heidegger’s friendship, which began as a love affair when the eighteen year-old Arendt was Heidegger’s student in Marburg depicted, vignette-style, by von Trotta. The flashbacks to Heidegger and
Edited by Bryan Loughrey and Graham Holderness
Lamarque and Clare Birchall on matters of narrative and secrecy. Fatimah Zarah Bessedik uses Martin Heidegger’s theory of ‘being’ and ‘dwelling’ to analyse the notion of ‘homelessness’ in Marilynne Robinson’s Home . Adam Hansen explores what Shakespeare
Phénoménologie d’un concept sartrien
Grégory Cormann and Jérôme Englebert
ouvre le premier numéro des Recherches philosophiques . « Martin Heidegger et l’ontologie », 39 qui paraît peu après, va servir de guide pour les philosophes français qui, comme Sartre, commencent à s’intéresser à la phénoménologie. Pour Heidegger
Christopher Howard and Wendelin Küpers
of mobile life, while moving toward alternative, more responsible understandings and practices of future mobile life. Notes 1 Martin Heidegger, “Building Dwelling, Thinking,” in Basic Writings from Being and Time (1927) to The Task of Thinking (1964
Ananta Kumar Giri
or the police. We must love one another or die. But as we offer ourselves to the call of poetic creativity in self, society, and the world, we should not forget that there are varieties of poetry and poetics. Philosopher Martin Heidegger, like Martha