Friedrich Engels, in 1895, reissued Marx's 'The Class Struggles in France 1848-1850' (1850), with an Introduction endorsing peaceful political tactics. We review the primary evidence to bring order to a confusing picture that emerges from a range of conflicting interpretations of the document. Our conclusions are as follows: First, the 1895 Introduction does not signify a new position, considering Engels' recognition over several decades of political concessions by the British ruling class. Secondly, since from the 1840s Marx too had applauded the potential of the 'Social Democratic' route, at least under the appropriate conditions, we may be confident that he would have approved of Engels' Introduction. Thirdly, the case for universal suffrage was to set the foundations for a classless communist system; Engels, we show, would have found unacceptable a Parliamentary system generating a working-class majority unwilling to carry out a communist program, or a working-class electorate choosing to replace the party at the polls.
Their 'Revisionism' Reviewed
I argue that the concept of practical necessity adds to our understanding of the notion of constraint by analysing the use of this concept in the writings of Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hegel and Marx. Objective and subjective aspects of practical necessity are identified, and the relation between them is explained. It is also shown that human beings can be wrong about what is a matter of genuine practical necessity at the same time as some people have an interest in fostering in others false beliefs regarding this matter. In short, appeals to necessity may perform an ideological function.
A Dialectic on Freedom
. I will argue that the complexity of de Beauvoir’s account is informed by her acceptance, alongside her existentialism, of Marxism. I argue that by examining de Beauvoir’s work in the light of Marx, we can resolve some of the tensions previously
Marxist theory in action
Megan Thiele, Yung-Yi Diana Pan, and Devin Molina
Karl Marx was a prolific writer and thinker, and is widely regarded by social scientists ( Maghbouleh, Childress and Alamo 2015 ). Marx’s continued relevance is due to the timelessness of his core concepts ( Foster 1999 ). As predicted by Marx
Ever since Marx, philosophy must lead to action. Otherwise it is irrelevant …. Philosophers must be angry, and, in this world, stay angry. Jean-Paul Sartre (1972) 1 I. The Quarrel On June 30, 1952 Albert Camus sent a seventeen-page letter to the
Sketch of a Materialist Ethics
Translator : Marieke Mueller and Kate Kirkpatrick
origin of Marx’s categories (and the different subsequent readings thereof), in order to identify the way in which they are both determined by and in possession of the power to determine history. Critique requires the avoidance of an attitude that
An Investigation Using Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis and Manik Bandyopadhyay's Ekannoborti
overuse of common property resources, something that is of benefit to all. Karl Marx's approach to the question of transcending human self-interest is distinctive in the sense that the scope of fruitful human connection is seen as limited to one's class
Neda Maghbouleh, Clayton Childress, and Carlos Alamo-Pastrana
Marx's critique of capitalism remains foundational to the university social science curriculum yet little is known about how instructors teach Marx. In post-industrial, service-oriented economies, students are also increasingly disconnected from the conditions of industrial capitalism that animate Marx's analysis. Inspired by the discussion of how a piece of wood becomes a table in Marx's Capital Vol. 1., 'Our Table Factory, Inc.' simulates a diverse array of roles in the chain of production into and out of a table factory to understand key concepts: means/mode of production, use/exchange value, primitive accumulation wage/surplus labour, proletariat, bourgeoisie, alienation, false consciousness, commodity fetishism and communist revolution. We describe the exercise and present qualitative and quantitative assessment data from introductory sociology undergraduates across three small teaching-intensive universities in the United States. Findings detail the exercise's efficacy in fostering retention of material and in facilitating critical engagement with issues of inequality.
Marxism has seen a revival in recent years with preeminent works such as Slavoj Žižek's The Relevance of the Communist Manifesto (2019), Terry Eagleton's Why Marx Was Right (2011), and Alain Badiou's The Communist Hypothesis (2009/2010). In
rooted in Marx: contradiction-concealing ideas and practices , what Larrain (1979) called the “negative” conception of ideology. While many perspectives in the environmental social sciences represent an “ideological approach” ( Arponen 2014 ), when