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Eva Insulander, Fredrik Lindstrand, and Staffan Selander

the subject content of a specific curricular unit (the Middle Ages) within a specific subject (history) in two Swedish primary schools. Aim and Purpose We offer close readings of three multimodal texts used in classroom teaching, including a textbook

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Ad Fontes Digitales!?

Margins of Representation When Incorporating Medieval Sources into a German Digital History Textbook

Andreas Willershausen

. The selected sources are all medieval texts. This choice was motivated by the fact that according to assessments by medievalists and educators, the Middle Ages are (despite their popularity in extracurricular historical culture ( Geschichtskultur

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Silke Schwandt

The article deals with the semantic career of virtus as a political concept in the Middle Ages. It traces the different aspects of meaning assigned to this word in four medieval texts, namely St. Augustine's City of God, the Regula Pastoralis of Gregory the Great, the Via Regia of Smaragdus of St. Mihiel, and the Policraticus of John of Salisbury. Using quantitative methods, I analyze the employment of virtus with a focus on its relevance in the political discourse, and I also address the shift in meaning and argumentative capacity that the term undergoes over time. In the end, virtus can be shown to be a highly flexible yet strongly functional term that plays an important role in the conceptions of medieval societies.

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Laura Verdi

In this article I will discuss the human body, both physical and social, as an instrument of political and aesthetic power and will analyze the processes of its social construction, starting with the notion of Corpus Mysticum Christi as the metaphoric organizational structure of consensus to power. From the Low Middle Ages to the present day, we will observe how the treatment of the body has evolved and how present-day show business and politics make use of charisma, from typically conceived 'concentrated stardom' to a conception of 'diffused stardom'. Both models are given aesthetic significance and rhetorical amplification, thus resulting in images of power and a means of social control. The conclusion of the article examines how power relations are currently being affected in a social environment that is highly influenced by the media and how, no matter which era is being discussed, the existence of the social body still depends on the physical body.

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The Way a Language Changes

How Historical Semantics Helps Us to Understand the Emergence of the English Exchequer

Ulla Kypta

The article argues that it is not only useful to study the changing meanings of concepts, but also to analyze the way these concepts changed their meaning over time. As a case study, I analyze the transformation of the language of the earliest surviving accounts of the yearly auditing process in England, the pipe rolls from the twelfth century. The language changed gradually and continually, without guidance or a plan. It is highly likely that the language was learned while the pipe rolls were written. Thus, the clerks could easily close their circle. This led to a strong sense of belonging and self-consciousness, which can be affirmed by other contemporary sources, and which laid the foundation for the accounting procedures that became a long-lasting organization.

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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

In The Better Angels of Our Nature , Steven Pinker puts forward a vision of the Middle Ages that is both grim and fearsome. He writes that “medieval Christendom was a culture of cruelty” in which “brutality” was “woven into the fabric of daily

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Cary J. Nederman

Europe (and one in North America). It contains a feature important for this article that distinguishes it from comparable volumes, namely, a substantive examination of ideas of tyranny from the Latin Middle Ages. 7 Other recent literature on the subject

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Ward Keeler

—necessarily culturally, not solely personally, inflected—highlight contrasts between what a middle-class, middle-aged white Western male is likely to seek out of his later life and what a middle-aged Southeast Asian male might wish to pursue, by way of contrast. In the

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Representations of Women in the French Imaginary

Historicizing the Gallic Singularity

Jean Elisabeth Pedersen

articles identify striking continuities that describe French attitudes about one form or another of “the Gallic singularity” from the Middle Ages to the present day; others focus more attention on the specificity of debates over different manifestations of

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Christopher Southgate, John Greening, Barry Cole, and Scott Kelly

Dandolo’s Bones She’s his Miranda A Middle-aged Poet Faced with ‘Titian’s Three Ages of Man’ CHRISTOPHER SOUTHGATE


Death Notices in Palestrina BARRY COLE

To Accompany a Gift of Culpeper’s Herbal (1653) SCOTT KELLY