and its various iterations across different genres, including of course comics). 3 At the same time, the relation of the penal colony to colonial memory requires careful attenuation: in French Guiana and New Caledonia, the bagne was a major driver
Graphic Constructions of the Carceral Archipelago
Acting Faith and Nostalgia in New Caledonia
Matt K. Matsuda
As developed since the seventeenth century, the concept and experience of nostalgia has been linked to individuals or groups displaced from, and longing for, a distant site they consider to be “home.” Colonial historians have also noted that indigenous peoples, such as Australian Aborigines or the Kanak in New Caledonia, may suffer from “solastalgia,” that is, homesickness while “still at home” because they have been subjects with restricted rights on what was once their own territory. The thoughts and writings of Kanak seminarian and anticolonial activist Jean-Marie Tjibaou are analyzed to demonstrate the ways that Kanak communities have shaped locally rooted identities through traditions of genealogy to assert continuities in their own history. Special focus is given here to Tjibaou's seminary training and his appropriation of Biblical stories and teachings to make points about suffering, charity, nobility, and challenges to authority, both in staged passion plays and in Kanak versions of the Christian Word.
L'histoire comme enjeu culturel en Nouvelle-Calédonie
Avant-hier, la société coloniale calédonienne refusait l'existence d'une civilisation kanake et occultait l'histoire conflictuelle de cette petite "France austral" des antipodes. Hier, le fait que l'identité kanake puisse être le pilier central de la case calédonienne était occulté par une quête patrimoniale et identitaire multiculturelle. Aujourd'hui, le centre culturel Jean-Marie Tjibaou (accords de Matignon) et la décision de mettre la civilisation kanake au centre du dispositif (accord de Nouméa), vont-il permettre l'émergence d'une "communauté de destin." L'étude de l'historiographie calédonienne illustre la difficulté de mettre en phase la théorie et les contraintes de la réalité.
The Ambiguities of Colonial and Post-Colonial Sentiment
Matt Matsuda and Alice Bullard
A collection of essays dedicated to the history of sentiment and emotions in the constitution of imperial and colonial projects. Subjects range from eighteenth-century marriage and military careers, to ethnically mixed couples during the Great War, to contemporary "arranged marriage" television programs in Madagascar. The collection also traces constructions of nineteenth and twentieth-century female slavery in Morocco, and meditations on family rooted and professional contexts in Laos and New Caledonia, complicating links between personal experience and historiographic knowledge. A closing essay draws together many of the themes with a detailed reading of key texts in colonial and postcolonial psychiatry.
Disentangling Provenance, Provenience, and Context in Vanuatu Assemblages
James L. Flexner
of Scotland, there were ethnographic adzes from New Zealand, New Caledonia, and Woodlark Island (Papua New Guinea), and prehistoric adzes collected by nineteenth-century antiquarians in Switzerland ( Sheridan et al. 2011 ). Equally, stone adzes could
The Lengnangulong Sacred Stone from Vanuatu in France, Revisited
Return”) and that then traveled to the Centre Culturel Tjibaou in Nouméa, New Caledonia, and afterwards on to the major institutions in Europe that had facilitated the exhibition in the form of valuable loans from their historical collections. The
“Savagery” and “Civilization” in the Australian Interwar Imaginary
): 31. 40 M. Kathleen Woodburn, Backwash of Empire (Melbourne: Georgian House, 1944), 191. See also Wilfred Burchett, Pacific Treasure Island: New Caledonia (Melbourne: Cheshire, 1941), 48; Smith, In Southern Seas , 131. 41 Henry Maurice Saxby
The Ho‘omaka Hou Research Initiative at the Bishop Museum
Mara A. Mulrooney, Charmaine Wong, Kelley Esh, Scott Belluomini, and Mark D. McCoy
Western Pacific Collections include materials recovered from sites in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and islands throughout Micronesia. In total, 19 islands within 8 island groups are represented in the Western Pacific Collections. The
Nicholas Thomas, Adrian Locke, Noelle M. K. Y. Kahanu, Simon Jean, and Lagi-Maama
artists, curators, friends, and community members in the course of research trips to New Zealand, Sāmoa, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and Hawai'i among other places. In retrospect, both I and the NGA staff were naïve and less than adequately prepared to take an
Colonial Encounter and Intercultural Interaction in the Lao-Vietnamese Uplands
colonization of New Caledonia, for the local people “the French had become a meaningful element in their present political realities.” In the next section I will discuss examples of mimetic tactics adopted by local powerbrokers to engage with external sources