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Rethinking Modes of Political Participation

The Conventional, Unconventional, and Alternative

Marcin Kaim

unconventional. Subsequently, based on Niklas Luhmann's (2002) concept of drawing distinctions in observation, the existing definitions of the conventional and the unconventional are connected with six dualisms: (1) legal–illegal, (2) institutional

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Investigating Australians' Trust

Findings from a National Survey

Samantha B. Meyer, Tini C. N. Luong, Paul R. Ward, George Tsourtos, and Tiffany K. Gill

Trust has been identified as an indicator within Social Quality theory. As an important component of social quality, trust has become increasingly important in modern society because literature suggests that trust in a number of democratic countries is declining. Modern technologies and specialties are often beyond the understanding of lay individuals and thus, the need for trusting relations between lay individuals and organizations/individuals has grown. The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which Australians (dis)trust individuals and organizations/institutions. A national postal survey was conducted with 1,044 respondents recruited using the electronic white pages directory. Findings from multivariate analyses suggest that income, age, sex, and health status are associated with trust in groups of individuals and trust in organizations/institutions. The findings highlight populations where trust needs to be (re)built. Future government policy and practice should utilize these findings as a means of facilitating social quality.

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From Organisms to World Society

Steps toward a Conceptual History of Systems Theory, 1880–1980

Julian Bauer

This article proposes to analyze the idea of organism and other closely related ideas (function, differentiation, etc.) using a combination of semantic fields analysis from conceptual history and the notion of boundary objects from the sociology of scientific knowledge. By tackling a wide range of source material, the article charts the nomadic existence of organism and opens up new vistas for an integrated history of the natural and human sciences. First, the boundaries are less clear-cut between disciplines like biology and sociology than previously believed. Second, a long and transdisciplinary tradition of talking about organismic and societal systems in highly functionalist terms comes into view. Third, the approach shows that conceptions of a world society in Niklas Luhmann's variant are not semantic innovations of the late twentieth century. Rather, their history can be traced back to organicist sociology and its forgotten pioneers, especially Albert Schäffle or Guillaume de Greef, during the last decades of the nineteenth century.

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Introduction

Experiences of Time in the Ibero-American World, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Javier Fernández-Sebastián and Fabio Wasserman

, Bergson, Heidegger, and others) and also by the contributions of prominent sociologists such as George H. Mead, Norbert Elias, Niklas Luhmann, and others, a number of social scientists, among them some historians, have in recent years been devoting more

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On Misfitness

Reflections in and out of Fashion

James D. Faubion

sociocultural misfits are accorded except by appeal to a system-theoretic modelling of collective autopoiesis, of which Niklas Luhmann is the last great master. I cannot reproduce Luhmann’s labyrinthine intellectual edifice here, or the full details of the

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Franco Ruzzenenti and Aleksandra Wagner

character of “energy efficiency” sheds new light on the explanation of its successful penetration into the various social subsystems (from economy through politics and law to ecology). Ideology in Niklas Luhmann’s understanding can be seen as a tension

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Introduction

Lenience in Systems of Religious Meaning and Practice

Maya Mayblin and Diego Malara

Niklas Luhmann (2012 ; see also Seidl and Becker 2006 ), whose influential thinking on systems remains provocative food for contemporary anthropological theory. 3 Equally, the claim that Jains are reflexive subjects is not necessarily a claim that they

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Blake Ewing

Bielefeld colleague Niklas Luhmann called the “temporal horizons relevant for possibilities of action.” 37 Koselleck’s use of Vergangene Zukunft is recognition of this fuller ontology of the temporal present. History is not simply past futures, but also

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Timo Pankakoski and Antto Vihma

suggest that societal fragmentation could be battled by “fragmentation” of the integrative functions would have been rhetorically self-defeating. This dilemma opened the road for “differentiation.” Later Niklas Luhmann’s systems theory, for instance

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Discipline (and Lenience) Beyond the Self

Discipleship in a Pentecostal-Charismatic Organization

Bruno Reinhardt

. “ Organization. ” In Autopoietic Organization Theory: Drawing on Niklas Luhmann’s Social Systems Perspective , ed. Tore Bakken and Tor Hernes , 31 – 52 . Oslo : Copenhagen Business School Press . Luhmann , Niklas . 2006 . “ The Concepts of