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US–México border states and the US military–industrial complex

A Global Space for expanding transnational capital

Juan Manuel Sandoval Palacios

result of the descentralization of global economy, its fragmentation, and the rising up of diverse zones of global intense accumulation ( Robinson, 2004 ). 4 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into effect on 1 January 1994, and

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Don’t know much about NAFTA

The continued importance of a global issues general education course

Carol D. Miller

At the beginning of the semester, 42.6 per cent of undergraduates enrolled in a lower division, general education global studies course at a comprehensive state university in the Midwestern United States reported that they ‘didn’t know’ what the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was, and 85 per cent believed that, in general, trade with other countries created jobs. Analyses of data show that those who did not rely on TV or radio for their news sources were less likely to know what NAFTA was, but their knowledge transformed by the end of the semester. Results demonstrated the necessity for general education courses focused on global issues in an era when students do not rely on traditional sources for news information.

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Felipe Adrián Vázquez Gálvez and Liliana Rivera-Lozano

*Full article in Spanish

English abstract: NAAEC acts as an independent platform for the international cooperation between the United States, Mexico and Canada over a wide range of environmental protocols. The CEC was formed as a practical and valuable tool to achieve NAAEC goals. Therefore, the CEC supervises the development of environmental policies and their accurate implementation among the three nations. In addition, the CEC promotes the participation of private citizens in collaboration with their governments to develop diverse strategies for conservation, protection, and improvement of our shared environment. Whether or not it is necessary to maintain regular operations of NAEEC is a subject currently evaluated during the present renegotiations of NAFTA, which provides new opportunities in view of the contemporary political, economic and environmental scene.

Spanish abstract: El ACAAN actúa como una plataforma independiente de cooperación internacional entre Estados Unidos, México y Canadá para el desarrollo de protocolos de protección del medio ambiente. La CCA se concibe como una práctica herramienta para la instrumentación de las metas trazadas por el ACAAN. En consecuencia, la CCA se encarga de gestionar, supervisar e implementar diversas estrategias de conservación, protección, y mejoramiento del medio ambiente por medio de la colaboración entre la sociedad civil y el sector gubernamental. En la actualidad, el debate en torno a si la reciente revisión y ratificación del TLCAN requerirá mantener el existente funcionamiento del ACAAN permite el planteamiento de nuevas áreas de oportunidad en vista del actual contexto político, económico y ambiental global.

French abstract: L’ANACDE sert de plate-forme indépendante pour la coopération internationale entre les États-Unis, le Mexique et le Canada sur un large éventail de protocoles environnementaux. La CCE a été créée comme outil pratique et utile pour atteindre les objectifs de l’ANACDE. Par conséquent, la CCE supervise l’élaboration des politiques environnementales et leur mise en oeuvre précise parmi les trois pays. En outre, la CCE encourage la participation des citoyens à l’élaboration de stratégies diverses en faveur de la conservation, la protection et l’amélioration de notre environnement commun. La question de savoir s’il est nécessaire ou non de maintenir les opérations régulières de l’ANACDE est actuellement débattue lors des renégociations de l’ALENA, qui ouvre de nouvelles perspectives sur les scènes politique, économique et environnementale contemporaines.

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Zenyram Koff Maganda

examples of sustainable practices are interesting, this does not necessarily mean that Europe is a sustainable region. We do, however, have examples of unsustainable regions. One example is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which promoted

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Empowering or impoverishing through credit

Small-scale producers and the Plan Chontalpa in Tabasco, Mexico

Gisela Lanzas and Matthew Whittle

they thought) did not matter” (1995: 79). The rise of neoliberal policies in the 1980s and the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 led to significant changes in Mexico. Important state-owned companies, including the sugar

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Robyn Singleton, Jacqueline Carter, Tatianna Alencar, Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez, and Kate Winskell

agrarian reforms and the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the 1990s ( White et al. 2003 ). NAFTA facilitated cheap agricultural imports such as corn and beans, against which local farmers were unable to compete, forcing

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James Gerber

services but also to capital flows and investment, formal migration of workers, work permits, and temporary visas. International economic policy agreements between the United States and Mexico, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), or in

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How Students on College Campuses Created Opportunities for Workers in Sweatshops

A Multi-Institutional, Interlocking Approach to Political Opportunity Structure

Matthew S. Williams

such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the United Nations, and the World Bank creates a distinct new type of POS, different from ones centered around national-states. While Kay and Heijden focus on formal, recognized global governance