Northeast Brazil the aggregate is also used to try to shape the future for water. By tracing the making of this aggregate, I want to argue for a qualitative reconsideration of aggregation as a social form, particularly as a way to generate capacity. 2 The
Promises, Water and a Form of Collective Care in Northeast Brazil
Moving beyond Carceral Logics
advanced through this carceral encounter. By enduring torture, and later incarceration, without snitching, Trisa embodied a carcerally inflected version of the idealized self-sacrificing mother. In Northeast Brazil, women are able to accomplish morality
Clientelism beyond reciprocity and economic rationality
Flávio Eiró and Martijn Koster
Clientelism is often analyzed along lines of moral values and reciprocity or an economic rationality. This article, instead, moves beyond this dichotomy and shows how both frameworks coexist and become entwined. Based on ethnographic research in a city in the Brazilian Northeast, it analyzes how the anti-poverty Bolsa Família Program and its bureaucracy are entangled with electoral politics and clientelism. We show how the program’s beneficiaries engage in clientelist relationships and exchanges to deal with structural precariousness and bureaucratic uncertainty. Contributing to understanding the complexity of clientelism, our analysis demonstrates how they, in their assessment of and dealing with political candidates, employ the frames of reference of both reciprocity and economic rationality in such a way that they act as a “counterpoint” to each other.
The Correctness of Affective Transactions in Northeast Brazil
Drawing on ethnographic research in the Brazilian state of Maranhão, this article proposes the concept of the 'intimate event' as a heuristic device in the cross-cultural study of kinship and relatedness. This theoretical construct refers to the retrospective recognition of affective transactions as meaningfully intimate, that recognition being an event which in Maranhão compels ethical reflection. Intimacy can be imagined as an aesthetic of practice that indicates when something simply feels right, and which then frames the correctness of both moral conformity and transgression in affective terms.
On Recurrence and Open-Endedness in Life and Analysis
Anne Line Dalsgaard and Martin Demant Frederiksen
Based on long-term fieldwork in Northeast Brazil and the Republic of Georgia, this article explores how open-endedness can be incorporated into ethnographic analysis and writing, not as the empirical object, but as a basic condition for knowledge production. In the empirical contexts that we describe, daily life is marked by poor prospects and the absence of possibility, especially for young people. Rather than letting this guide our analyses, this article argues for the necessity of paying attention to the openness and potential of experienced moments of change. We propose that even relapses into former habits and predicaments present the potential for change on a subjective level. In the process of putting informants' stories into words and analysis, we revisit both field and text, constituting a hopeful practice similar to that of our informants.
A Commentary on Jeff Jackson
William R. Caspary
region of Spain, the Catholic liberation theology base communities throughout South America, and Paulo Freire’s literacy education coupled with consciousness raising in northeast Brazil ( Abers 2000 ; Baiocchi 2003 ; Freire 2007 ; Whyte and Whyte 1988
SOS Children’s Villages and Supportive Housing
. Hecht , T. 1998 . At Home in the Street: Street Children of Northeast Brazil . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Howe , D. 1991 . ‘ The Family and the Therapist: Towards a Sociology of Social Work Method ’. In The Sociology of Social Work
Fischlowitz and Madeline H. Engel, “Internal Migration in Brazil,” International Migration Review 3, no. 3 (1969): 36–46, here 41–42. 9 Wendy Wolford, “Of Land and Labor: Agrarian Reform on the Sugar Cane Plantations of Northeast Brazil,” Latin American
Hierarchy, Value, and the Value of Hierarchy
Naomi Haynes and Jason Hickel
, ed. Michael P. Vischer . Canberra : ANU E Press . Ansell , Aaron . 2010 . “ Auctioning Patronage in Northeast Brazil: The Political Value of Money in a Ritual Market .” American Anthropologist 112 , no. 2 : 283 – 294 . Appadurai , Arjun
Forms of Submission and Top-Down Power in Orthodox Ethiopia
Diego Maria Malara and Tom Boylston
: 827 – 853 . Maimire Mennasemay . 2009 . “ The Dekike Estifanos: Towards an Ethiopian Critical Theory .” Horn of Africa 27 : 64 – 118 . Mayblin , Maya . 2012 . “ The Madness of Mothers: Agape Love and the Maternal Myth in Northeast Brazil