Sports have always been used to promote the nation state and the invention of national traditions with national symbols such as flags and national hymns playing an important role. This article looks at the peculiar situation of the post-war period when two Germanys established themselves also in the field of sports, yet cooperated in some athletic disciplines, and, most important of all, at the Olympic Games until 1968. This raised a great number of delicate political questions, particularly the politics of the nonrecognition of the GDR which strove hard to establish itself internationally by way of the international sports movement. Konrad Adenauer and the German Sports Organization clashed on this issue which brought to the fore the question of a German and an emerging West-German identity. In order to describe this negotiation of the nation state in the realm of sports, this article tries to make fruitful use of the term postnationalism in order to understand the ambiguities of identity of Germans towards their nation state. It also takes a brief look at the Olympic Games of 1972, which epitomizes more than anything else the peculiar postnationalism of the Federal Republic.
As preparations get under way for the celebration, in 2009, of the eightieth anniversary of Tintin and the fiftieth of Astérix, it seems strange that, until now, there has been no journal in English dedicated to European comic art. In France recent Astérix albums have outsold Harry Potter and The Da Vinci Code put together. The movie Astérix aux jeux olympiques [‘Asterix at the Olympic Games’], released on 13 January 2008, is one of the two most expensive French film productions of all time (with Le Cinquième élément [‘The Fifth Element’], on which cartoonists Jean Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières collaborated), and has topped box office charts in Spain. Like Astérix in Paris, Belgian Schtroumpfs [‘Smurfs’] have their own theme park, and Italy’s Corto Maltese is popular enough to appear on scratchcards, Swatch watches and TV programmes across Europe.
1972 saw the coming to fruition of two events of major importance to the Federal Republic of Germany under Willy Brandt's leadership: the normalization of relations with the Soviet Union and its satellites through the process of Ostpolitik, and the Munich Olympic Games, which were designed to present a new Germany on the world stage. Although recent scholarship has highlighted the intricacies of East-West diplomacy and the political machinations of Cold-War sports relations, there have been few attempts to investigate the latter's role in the former. This essay seeks to investigate sport in the context of politics, and more vitally vice versa. Focusing on events in the immediate run-up to the Four Powers Treaty on West Berlin in 1971, it shows how sport's appeal to broad sectors of public opinion in Eastern and Western Europe made it a prime candidate for the cultural warfare that accompanied political negotiations.
Museu do Amanhã’s Artistic Staging as a Socioscientific Narrative on Climate Change
artifactual and audiovisual displays produced by an international artistic contingent, including the American artist Daniel Wurzel and the Brazilian film-maker Fernando Meirelles, the museum is meant as both Rio’s 2016 Olympic Games touristic landmark and a
Katherine Hennessey and Margaret Litvin
Royal Shakespeare Company. By 2012, thanks largely to the RSC’s then-associate director Deborah Shaw, several Arab productions were commissioned as part of the World Shakespeare Festival timed for that summer’s Olympic Games in London. Arab institutions
Demographic Decline and the Public Response in the Late Soviet Period
October 1968, 12. 5 “Diskussionnyi klub, ‘L!’” Krokodil , no. 41 (1968): 12. 6 Ellipsis in original. Iurii Vlasov and Leonid Zhabotinskii were two Soviet weight lifters made world famous for their competition at the 1964 Olympic Games. 7 The bolding of
Mega-Event Security as Camouflage in Rio de Janeiro
race. The sport mega-event security architecture was inserted into these scenarios in order to, on the one hand, secure the Olympic Games, but on the other, to hide the class and racial inequalities that define the city's bloody urban conflict from
Afghan Transregional Traders Across the Former Soviet Union
originally for the Moscow Olympic Games in 1980). The Homeland Trading Centre is home to about four thousand Afghan traders and is overseen by a committee of management led by a former official in Afghanistan’s secret security services. Many of the traders in
The Production and Destruction of Secure Spaces in Olympic Rio de Janeiro
Margit Ystanes and Alexandre Magalhães
( Watts 2015 ), but by the end of the Olympic Games, only 260 units had been sold ( Cavalcanti 2017: 222 ). In 2019, the condominium was still mostly abandoned, with just a few windows lit up at night inviting passersby to contemplate the lonely existence
as “the invention of paper in ancient China.” 25 In NV English book six, the term “Olympic” introduces nations instead of sports. This implies that the “Olympic Games” offer an opportunity to gain national pride beyond competing in sports. In a way