centuries’ worth of accretions and emendations, 5 but it has retained the central story of a love, like that of Othello and Desdemona, that transcends engrained racial prejudice. A recent work of theatre from Oman, Aḥmad al-Izkī’s al-Layla al-Ḥālika , or
Aḥmad al-Izkī’s Fusion of Shakespeare and Classical Arab Epic
Spatial Tropes in the Kinship Narratives of an Extended Family Network in Oman
This study calls for a reintegration of space and relatedness in anthropological theories of social formation. It is based on the examination of spatial tropes in the kinship narratives and discursive practices of an extended Swahili-speaking family network historically located between Oman and coastal East Africa.
Defeated Militants and Enduring Revolutionary Social Values in Dhufar, Oman
Those who have participated in organized political violence often develop distinctive identities as veteran combatants. But what possibilities exist to produce a veteran identity for “invisible” veterans denied public recognition or mention, such as politically repressed defeated insurgents? Everyday socializing during or after political violence can help restore social worlds threatened or destroyed by violence; an examination of “invisible” veteran defeated revolutionaries in Dhufar, Oman, shows how everyday socializing can help reproduce a distinctive veteran identity despite political repression. Ethnographic fieldwork with veteran militants from the defeated revolutionary liberation movement for Dhufar reveals that while veterans (who are a diverse group) no longer publicly reproduce their political and economic revolutionary ideals, some male veterans—through everyday, same-sex socializing—reproduce revolutionary ideals of social, especially tribal and ethnic, egalitarianism. These practices mark a distinctive veteran identity and indicate an “afterlife” of lasting social legacies of defeated revolution.
A Case in Education for the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
Faryal Khan and Maricel Fernandez-Carag
). According to the Education for All Report 2014 for the Arab States, in 1999, six countries—Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)—had achieved gender parity in primary schools, and have maintained it throughout the EFA period
Wilfred Thesiger as Traveler and Anthropologist
Using Geertz's Verstehen/Einfühlen distinction, this article begins with an overview of the travel writing and anthropological work about Oman, concentrating on the southern region of Dhofar. The article then situates Wilfred Thesiger's classic Arabian Sands ( 1991) within these two genres as an example of a writer who is able to show understanding for and empathy with his Bedu traveling companions. Thesiger's Verstehen is demonstrated through comparing the details he gives of Bedu culture with current manifestations. His Einfühlen is shown through his overarching concern for his companions and his respectful descriptions of their life, avoiding the typical Victorian condescension toward “natives“ and the self-absorbed gushing of many modern travel writers. Based on seven years of studying the culture of southern Oman, the article argues that Thesiger's writing shows a rare combination of accuracy and empathy, which elevates his book to a model of both anthropological and travel writing.
Why Pro-democracy Activity Was Avoided in Gulf Nations during the Arab Spring
Charles Mitchell, Juliet Dinkha, and Aya Abdulhamid
, and Algeria and how the climate and use of government and socioeconomic policies and reactive corrective measures precluded the large-scale revolts and revolutionary activity in Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, and Oman
Bryan Loughrey and Graham Holderness
In this issue, Critical Survey continues to represent international scholarship and research, and to broaden the horizons of scholarship. Featuring authors from Britain, the United States, Australia, Jordan, the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of Ireland, the issue ranges from early modern to contemporary literature and culture, from Shakespeare to the literature and drama of contemporary Ireland.
Unni Wikan's Anthropology
Life Among the Poor in Cairo (London: Tavistock, 1980), 173 pp. Behind the Veil in Arabia: Women in Oman (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982), 314 pp.
Managing Turbulent Hearts: A Balinese Formula for Living (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990), 370 pp.
Generous Betrayal: Politics of Culture in the New Europe (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002), 308 pp.
Demography, Identity and the Road to Equitable Policies
In 2005, the nations of the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC), which consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, housed over 12 million international migrants. Employed mainly within the service and construction industries, these foreign workers have become a demographic majority in some GCC countries, creating an urgent need for more progressive immigration and equitable integration policies. This article provides an overview of migration to the region, situating it within the larger global emigration/immigration context. By focusing on the various stages of migration and the economic role played by migrants, the article argues for policies that protect the economic, social and political rights of labour migrants. It concludes with recommendations that consider conditions in both the GCC and migrants' countries of origin.
Katherine Hennessey and Margaret Litvin
at international festivals or from Arab and international travelling companies. Moreover, some productions have regional rather than local or global significance. (An example is the Othello -Antar hybrid analysed in this issue, an Omani play