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Katharina Hanel and Stefan Marschall

Facing linkage problems, parties in Germany have started to respond to a changing media environment by reforming their internal structures of opinion forming and decision making, inter alia reacting to the rise of the social web and the successes of the Pirate Party whose party organization is to a large extent “digitalized”. Whether and how established parties implement and adapt Internet tools, i.e., whether these could contribute to more participation of the “party on the ground” or whether they strengthen the “party in central office” is the focus of this article. The case study on the employment of an online platform for drafting a motion for the party convention of the German Social Democrats in December 2011 reveals that the “party in central office” controlled the online procedure as well as the processing of the results to a remarkable extent—thereby constraining the participatory potential of the tool. At the same time, the case study indicates a quality of online collaboration platforms that might limit the instrumentalization of these tools by the party elites in the long run and possibly re-empower the “party on the ground.”

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Udo Zolleis

This article deals with the political, programmatic, and organizational changes within the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) during the time of the second grand coalition (2005-present). For the CDU, the period of the grand coalition is a time of waiting concerning its organizational and programmatic reform processes. Thus, the election of 2009 will be crucial for the political development of the party—in respect to its political profile, as well as its strategic options within the political market.

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A Return to Fashion

Revisiting the German Model

Gregory Baldi

Christian Democratic and Christian Social “Union” parties ( cdu / csu )—both in terms of German politics and in comparison with other Christian democratic parties in Europe—the programmatic evolution of the Union parties, changes to the organizational

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Pegida

A Hybrid Form of a Populist Right Movement

Ina Schmidt

interpreted on an ethnic basis, producing a clear adversary. This is one of the ways that opposition to Islam has become socially acceptable. 36 Oftentimes, populist parties change from an emphasis on biological racism to this type of cultural racism, which

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The Alternative for Germany from Breakthrough toward Consolidation?

A Comparative Perspective on Its Organizational Development

E. Gene Frankland

) from thirteen countries. “Mainstreaming” is defined simply as “a process in which radical parties change to become more like mainstream parties.” 53 Mainstream parties are typically those of the center-left or center-right. 54 The theoretical

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This Was the One for Me

AfD Women's Origin Stories

Christina Xydias

Parliament: The Role of Parties,” Party Politics , 5 (1999): 79–98; Miki Caul Kittilson, Challenging Parties, Changing Parliaments (Columbus, 2006); Diana O'Brien, “‘Righting’ Conventional Wisdom: Women and Right Parties in Established Democracies

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“Revenge of the East”?

The AfD's Appeal in Eastern Germany and Mainstream Parties’ Responses

Jennifer A. Yoder

of Democratic Socialism ( pds ) played an important role in representing eastern interests in the transplanted institutions and was the second or third party in what was essentially a three-party system in the East. Its role as a regional party

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Ten Years After

Communism and Feminism Revisited

Francisca de Haan, Kristen Ghodsee, Krassimira Daskalova, Magdalena Grabowska, Jasmina Lukić, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Raluca Maria Popa, and Alexandra Ghit

terms were used) for which they believed communism was the best route (even when they also knew of, or had gained ample experience with, male communists’ resistance to women’s liberation, or when their relationship with the Communist Party changed over