Using the concept that landscapes are ideas formed by viewers about their physical surroundings, this article examines visitors' landscape perceptions of two peripheral regions of Europe: Gyimes in the Romanian Eastern Carpathians, and Las Hurdes in the Northern Extremadura of Spain. Both are characterized by exceptional, historically-evolved cultural landscapes and a population that culturally or ethnically differs from the national mainstream surrounding them. Based on literature review, expert consultations, and a questionnaire survey conducted in the research areas, I conclude that due to historical developments, socio-economic settings, and ethnic differences, the outsiders' view of these landscapes can be strongly distorted. In the tourist, misinformation and wishful thinking create a “mental map” that does not represent reality. I also note that along with having a possible impact on inhabitants' landscape perception and their strong regional identity, the outsiders' view might influence policy decisions and therefore the general development of a region.
Frida Hastrup and Marianne Elisabeth Lien
address the need to support the country's peripheral regions (as seen from Copenhagen) that experience depopulation, decreased primary production and loss of jobs (cf. Høst 2016 ). In 2015, the Danish government initiated a plan to transfer some 8
cultural and socioeconomic contexts: “By tying the phenomena of cultural particularism and territorial autonomism to the economic disadvantage of ‘peripheral’ regions, the ‘internal colonialism’ approach promises to link them to a central feature of the
Stefan Nygård and Johan Strang
, it is probably also wise to be cautious about an unreflective application of theories addressing colonial or racial dominance on intra-European conditions. In speaking of the European peripheral regions in the same breath as developing countries
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
). Peasant systems are often located in peripheral regions at the margin of expanding extractive frontiers, and as mentioned above, often coincide with areas that have been earmarked for conservation to preserve in situ ecological diversity and/or compensate
Pınar Melis Yelsalı Parmaksız
.” The Turkish historian Selim Deringil uses “borrowed colonialism” to show that the Ottoman Empire not only imitated Western ways but also invented a colonial stance toward peripheral regions in order to keep them within the Imperial territory. Selim
The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France
.2% overall increase that was actually recorded.) However, the impact of this decline would be unevenly distributed, with the urban region of the Île-de-France hardly affected at all (-0.3%), while in six peripheral regions—Burgundy, Champagne-Ardennes, Basse