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The Moral Rearmament of France

Pierre Nora, Memory, and the Crises of Republicanism

Ben Mercer

The article traces the transformation of the idea of memory in the writings of Pierre Nora. His multi-volume Les Lieux de mémoire is read as a response to historiographical and historical crises of the 1970s, an attempt to write the history of France in which memory served as the new basis of national unity. However, the new national synthesis of memory that emerged merely resembled a liberal republicanism, whose enemies were variously immigrants, multiculturalists, neo-nationalists, dissenters from the anti-totalitarian consensus, or anyone who emphasized Vichy or France's colonial past. Ultimately, memory proved no more capable of dealing with the troublesome aspects of historical narrative or memory than traditional history.

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Arthur Goldhammer

Belief in the possibility of a revolutionary transformation of French society sustained much of the political and cultural ferment in France in the quarter century following the end of World War II. Perry Anderson, in two articles published in the London Review of Books, argues that the decline of this faith has cast a pall over France, and he traces this decline in large part to the work of historians François Furet and Pierre Nora. It is argued here that Anderson neglects broader economic, societal, and cultural forces that combined to undermine belief in the transformative power of revolution and is therefore led to an unduly pessimistic interpretation of the cultural turn of the 1970s.

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Introduction

Places of Progress? Technology Museums, Memory, and Education

Christian Kehrt and Daniel Brandau

technological artifacts and corresponding sites such as Chernobyl, Peenemünde, and Hiroshima as well as structures such as factories or bunkers as sites of memory ( lieux de mémoire , a term coined by Pierre Nora) shifts our attention to processes of remembering

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"Warn the Duke"

The Sarajevo Assassination in History, Memory, and Myth

Paul Miller-Melamed

How has the Sarajevo assassination been conjured and construed, narrated and represented, in a wide variety of media including fiction, film, newspapers, children’s literature, encyclopedias, textbooks, and academic writing itself? In what ways have these sources shaped our understanding of the so-called “first shots of the First World War”? By treating the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (28 June 1914) as a "site of memory" à la historian Pierre Nora, this article argues that both popular representations and historical narratives (including academic writing) of the political murder have contributed equally to the creation of what I identify here as the “Sarajevo myth.”

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Camille Robcis and Benjamin Poole

allow him to go beyond the traditional categories of right and left and to emphasize themes over chronology. Within the section on republicanism, Chabal pauses on the works of historians such as Pierre Nora, Maurice Agulhon, Claude Nicolet, and Gérard

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The Return to the Monument

The Looming Absence of the Temple

Hava Schwartz

of memory,” to borrow from Pierre Nora (1989) . Nora articulates the distinction between realms of memory, based on the organized collection of testimonies from the past, unification of these memory collections, and archiving them, on the one hand

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Empowering Critical Memory Consciousness in Education

The Example of 22 July 2011 in Norway

Alexandre Dessingué and Ketil Knutsen

” according to Georg Iggers. 18 This empirical concept of history was confronted by more recent memory studies, particularly from the 1980s. Pierre Nora understands memories to be a counter-concept to the totalitarian role of history. As he observes, “Memory

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‘Archive Man’

Stephen Poliakoff and the Archive

Elizabeth Robertson

, critics, curators and artists, including Jacques Derrida, Pierre Nora, Marianne Hirsch, Jane Connarty and Josephine Lanyon, this article maps the topography of public and private archives in Poliakoff's work, in turn revealing the commentaries these dramas

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The Return of the Republic

Crowd Photography and the Liberation in Toulouse, 1944–1945

Hanna Diamond

les libérés agrégés comme foule.” 32 Pierre Nora initially developed the notion of republican space; 33 it has also been commented upon more recently by Ed Welch and John Perivolaris in the context of the Charlie Hebdo attacks. 34 They show that

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The Rhizomatic Algerian Revolution in Three Twenty-First- Century Transnational Documentaries

Algérie tours, détours (2006), La Chine est encore loin (2009), Fidaï (2012)

Nicole Beth Wallenbrock

my primary focus in this article, I am aware of the contribution of Pierre Nora and the problems raised by this work’s geographic and historic limitations. Pierre Nora, Les Lieux de mémoire (Paris: Gallimard, 1997). 17 Interview on DVD of La Chine