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The Choice of Ignorance

The Debate on Ethnic and Racial Statistics in France

Patrick Simon

For more than a century, statistics describing immigration and assimilation in France have been based on citizenship and place of birth. The recent concern for racial discrimination has given rise to a heated controversy over whether to introduce so-called "ethnic categories" into official statistics. In this article, I make an assessment of the kind of statistics that are available today and the rationale behind their design. I then discuss the main arguments put forward in the controversy and argue that antidiscrimination policies have created a new need for statistics that outweigh the arguments against the use of "ethnic statistics." In fact, beyond the technical dimension of this controversy lies a more general political debate about the multicultural dimensions of French society.

Open access

Policy as Experimentation

Failing ‘Forward’ Towards Universal Health Coverage in India

Ursula Rao

participating private and public hospitals. The publicly funded policy covered up to five family members, whose biometric and demographic data were stored on a smart card for secure identification at hospital receptions. Reading the card details would trigger a

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Sandra Häbel

norms abroad is via policy networks, which are webs of relationships between actors in one policy arena, in partner countries. This article explores why existing policy networks tend to undermine normative spillover between policy sectors and

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The Determination of Educational Policy

Shas, Politics, and Religion

Anat Feldman

This article aims to broaden understanding of the intersection of political power and educational policy. Researchers in various fields have analyzed how a state determines its educational policy, which typically follows a value- and principle

Open access

Abel B.S. Gaiya

normal. It should thus not be reduced to general statements about democracy being the ‘will of the people’, or development policy only needing ‘political will’. This article serves as a guide to the big picture of democracy and economic development in

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Shobita Parthasarathy

For decades, governments across the world have tended to ignore, and sometimes even punish, poor and marginalized communities. Public policies have attended instead to the needs of our societies’ most privileged members. The COVID-19 pandemic has

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Inertia and Reactiveness in Germany's Russia Policy

From the 2021 Federal Election to the Invasion of Ukraine in 2022

Jonas J. Driedger

days, Germany reverted policy in three major areas: it prohibited the use of Nord Stream 2, a recently finalized addition to the Russo-German gas pipeline system; it started to deliver arms to Ukraine; and it announced major investments in its own armed

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Policy coherence for development and migration

Analyzing US and EU policies through the lens of normative transformation

Harlan Koff

The European Union’s 2015–2016 “migration/asylum crisis” gave renewed prominence to discussions over the relationship between migration, security and development in global affairs. The EU’s policy responses to these flows have confirmed that

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Jack Janes

and the United States differed on priorities and policies across a variety of fields and issues. However, today's swiftly changing global environment, involving shifting poles of power and conflict, raises serious questions as to how the two countries

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Emily Anderson

with others in digital spaces. International development and humanitarian aid organizations, like UNICEF, have historically used old media tools to advance their agendas. Policy actors have expanded their engagement with new media tools to promote