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La civilisation du journal entre histoire et littérature

Perspectives et prospectives

Marie-Ève Thérenty

This article describes the results developed in the recently published La Civilisation du journal, histoire culturelle et littéraire de la presse (ed. Dominique Kalifa, Philippe Régnier, Marie-Ève Thérenty, and Alain Vaillant), a collaboration between historians and literary scholars working together for eight years to write a synthesis about the history of the French press during the nineteenth century. It offers a comprehensive encyclopedia of journalism, the genres and forms of the periodical press, the principal figures of nineteenth-century French journalism, and the modern culture of the press. The article describes the different projects between history and literature that could be developed after this project. This kind of methodology should be extended to the relations between press and literature during the twentieth century, to women's journalism and to the globalization of the media during the nineteenth century. These projects could be developed with the help of the website Médias19.

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The Coming of Gender of Coming of Age

Diederik Janssen

Guyland: The Perilous World Where Boys Become Men, by Michael Kimmel. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008, xviii+332 pp.

Men to Boys: The Making of Modern Immaturity, by Gary Cross. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008, 316 pp.

Permanent Adolescence: Why Boys Don’t Grow Up, by Joe Carmichiel. Far Hills, N.J.: New Horizon Press, 2009, xi+244 pp.

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Introducing a Special Issue on Boyish Temporalities

Diederik F. Janssen

Pioneering cultural historian Johan Huizinga’s short chapter on puerilism, featured in his interwar essay In the Shadow of Tomorrow, famously highlighted what he considered the mutual “contamination of play and seriousness in modern life.” “Puerilism we shall call the attitude of a community whose behaviour is more immature than the state of its intellectual and critical faculties would warrant, which instead of making the boy into the man adapts its conduct to that of the adolescent age” (Huizinga, 1935 [1936, p. 170]). The puerilist condition degrades the serious to the superficial, true and ritual play to boundless childishness. It is a dangerous and decadent symptom, a “bastardization of culture,” a semi-seriousness and appetite for the sensational and the trivial appealing to obedient masses and small minds. Modern man becomes a slave to his comforts. “In his world full of wonders man is like a child in a fairy tale. He can travel through the air, speak to another hemisphere, have a continent delivered in his home by radio. He presses a button and life comes to him. Will such a life give him maturity?”

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Manipulation of Theatrical Audience Size

Non-existent Plays and Murderous Lenders

Anna Faktorovich

-Attribution of the British Renaissance Corpus (Quanah: Anaphora Literary Press, 2021). The steps involved in this method and its theoretical basis are explained in other parts of Volumes 1–2, and are summarised here: https

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'a scheme of echoes'

Trevor Joyce, Poetry and Publishing in Ireland in the 1960s

Marcella Edwards

For some time a consensus has existed in critical circles concerning developments in poetry and publishing in Ireland in the 1960s. This decade has been seen as a period of expansion in the volume of new writing, in the range of subject matter and in the formal properties of poetic writing, activities which represented an unprecedented change in poetic expression. This has been frequently claimed but seldom analysed. While history testifies to the beginning of a modernising process in Ireland in the 1960s in terms of industry, economics and social policy changes, contrary to the glib pronouncements that to date neatly package the poetic activities of this period, it was, in fact, a complex period of cultural adjustment involving many players whose thinking and whose written pronouncements often harboured antithetical perspectives. This is most obvious in the editorial policies and pronouncements within Irish poetry journals, which, contrary to the above impression, harboured traditionalist and often nationalist and or essentialist affinities.

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The Invention of the Illustrated Press in France

Patricia Mainardi

While periodicals with illustrations had existed prior to the 1830s, the letter-press used for text until the advent of photographic technology could not be combined with the etching, engraving, or lithography that produced images. Pictures had to

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The Merchant of Venice in the Hebrew Press

Gideon Kouts

Hebrew culture, including the press and theatre criticism, has always maintained a tangled and delicate relationship with Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice , for understandable reasons. This article investigates the first criticism of this

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The Lithographic Conspiracy

How Satire Framed Liberal Political Debate in Nineteenth-Century France

Amy Wiese Forbes

This article discusses political satire under the July Monarchy. It analyzes how the question of satire's political meaning was generated and framed in the 1830s as debate over abstract rights under the new, supposedly more liberal government of the July Monarchy. Following the Revolution of 1830, lithographic satire became connected conceptually to political conspiracy and was argued to be harmful to the new regime. State institutions, including the police, the courts, and the National Assembly, attempted to understand and define satire politically. The effort to evaluate satire's potential harm to the state shaped French liberalism into a contest between rights to free speech and protection from harm. This process was part of a broader struggle to construct legitimate authority in France.

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Contagious Humanism in Early Nineteenth-Century German-Language Press

Heidi Hakkarainen

worked with Karl Marx in Paris. 5 In line with this, mass publications like newspapers also came to attribute new meanings to the concept of humanism in the run up to the 1848/49 revolutions. By focusing on the press, whose role has been understudied in

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Jovanka Broz and the Yugoslav Popular Press during Tito's Reign

At the Crossroads of Tradition and Emancipation (1952–1980)

Iva Jelušić

-bound femininity. The printed press, and especially women's magazines, became the platform that not only reproduced but also constructed desirable Yugoslav femininity. 7 The fundamental intention of the printed press in this respect was to adjust the “new