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Tobias Denskus and Daniel E. Esser

We review the ontological and pedagogical origins of International Development graduate education in the context of increasing pressures to 'professionalise' graduate curricula. We apply Giroux's concept of 'vocationalisation' to argue that professionalisation risks undermining the field's intellectual foundations in an elusive quest to equip students with functional rather than intellectual skills. Acknowledging ever-growing competition among graduates for gainful employment in this sector, we argue that instructors of International Development should recommit to the field's reflective tradition by creating spaces for transformative education and develop a repoliticised ethos that critically engages global capitalism.

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Fresh off the Boat and Off to the Presses

The Origins of Argentine Comics between the United States and Europe (1907–1945)

Amadeo Gandolfo and Pablo Turnes


This article aims to analyse the origins and development of the comics industry in Argentina from a comparative and transnational perspective, positing its business model, professionalisation of artistic and editorial work and adoption of certain styles as part of a triangle in which Argentine comics are in constant dialogue with European (mainly Spanish, French and English) and US comics traditions. The article places a special emphasis on the latter. As part of the overall process of cultural modernisation, the early twentieth century encompasses a period in which the production of comics grew, was established and modified its creative patterns in all the countries involved in the study. Comics in Argentina consistently moved between innovation and imitation, with some original narrative and formal solutions that were sparked by a process of adaptation and mistranslation.

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Qing Gu

This article discusses the nature of Chinese students' transnational experiences and its impact on their identities within and beyond national and cultural boundaries. The discussion is located in the theoretical framework of transnationalism and explores in detail the ways in which students adapt, change and develop, both in the host country of their study and also on their return to work in their home countries. Empirical evidence in the article is drawn from the findings of three studies, led by the author, which have investigated the pedagogical, sociocultural and emotional challenges that Chinese students have encountered when studying at British universities, and the perceived impact of their overseas studies on their lives and careers in their home countries. The research findings suggest that there are distinctive patterns of challenges, struggles, adjustments, change and achievement over time – all of which are embedded in the processes of socialisation, enculturation and professionalisation. Such experiences are both transitional and transformational and, most profoundly, they necessitate identity change at and across different layers of boundaries. At the heart of this identity change is a constant, emotional search for a reflexive sense of self as an embodied individual, a member of a professional group and a member of an organisation.

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Amanda J. Reinke

processes and procedures has been a call to professionalise informal justice. Professionalisation entails a formal education gained through earning certain numbers of training hours, much like the Continuing Legal Education (CLE) credits that a lawyer must

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Policing the French Empire

Colonial Law Enforcement and the Search for Racial-Territorial Hegemony

Samuel Kalman

], (Paris: Odile Jacob, 2012). 7 Emmanuel Blanchard, Quentin Deluermoz, and Joël Glasman, “La professionalisation policière en situation coloniale: detour conceptuelle et explorations historiographiques,” [“The Professionalization of Police in the Colonies

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Barbara Grant and Penny Welch

higher consumption lead to increased human satisfaction, that education is entirely positive and more and more of it is needed and that we live in a knowledge-intensive society that requires greater professionalisation and leadership. Chapter 2 is

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Samantha Page and Marilyn Strathern

, so you create two kinds of staff member. One’s positive and one’s negative. Samantha How do you feel the academic and research culture has changed? Marilyn There has been greater professionalisation of all kinds of activities. You wouldn’t recognise

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From philanthropy to impact investing

The case of Luxembourg

Shirlita Espinosa

stakeholders. This is how Meso Impact Finance’s professionalisation of impact investing comes in. The managers of Luxembourg-based Meso Impact Finance with backgrounds in banking are responsible for ensuring the investment company runs like a business

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Expat, Local, and Refugee

“Studying Up” the Global Division of Labor and Mobility in the Humanitarian Industry in Jordan

Reem Farah

.” Cultural Anthropology 27 ( 2 ): 358 – 382 . 10.1111/j.1548-1360.2012.01147.x Roth , Silke . 2012 . “ Professionalisation Trends and Inequality: Experiences and Practices in Aid Relationships .” Third World Quarterly 33 ( 8 ): 1459 – 1474 . 10

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Tiziana Soverino, Evgenia Mesaritou, Thomas M. Wilson, Steve Byrne, Dino Vukušić, Fabiana Dimpflmeier, Eva-Maria Walther, and Eva Schwab

traditional music's sustainability, the conflict between its ‘endangerment’ as ICH versus growing ‘professionalisation’ (albeit for low financial return) is not fully interrogated and at times appears to be aiming for several targets with differing degrees of