, and share and reproduce knowledge? When and why did the key food activists and movements move from an autonomous position holding an oppositional strategy ( Mayer 2013 ) to engagement in the coproduction of public policies? Alternative Food Movements
Lessons from Madrid
Marian Simon-Rojo, Inés Morales Bernardos, and Jon Sanz Landaluze
Michael G. Powell
By considering multiple perspectives on the problem of networking and networks in public policy circles, as well as the wider professional world, this article aims to both draw out and blur boundaries and definitions among multiple levels of networking as an analytic concept, a fieldwork method and a practice observed among policymakers. In making this distinction and explaining it in relation to theorisations of fieldwork rapport and 'complicity,' the article attempts to show that the distance and collegiality that defines professional networking is a viable and potentially quite insightful mode, means and method for conducting fieldwork, particularly for multisited anthropology of public policy projects. To that end, this article offers both conceptual ideas, as well as practical advice for conceiving and conducting fieldwork for an anthropology of public policy project.
Evolving Principles of Social Responsibility in Israeli Private Law
This article describes an emerging trend in Israeli private law that strives to incorporate a culture of social responsibility into everyday life. Implemented through the legal principles of 'good faith' and 'public policy' in contracts, this applies mainly to the social responsibility of corporations. The adoption of such concepts in interpersonal relationships emphasizes that this approach aims to include all components of the legal system. The basic Israeli social and constitutional principles are analyzed, along with the role that individuals and business participants, not only government authorities, play in the structuring of a freedom-seeking society. The article concludes that this new trend also corresponds to the social discontent that was evident in Israel during the summer of 2011, as well as to a new way of thinking about the concept of capitalism in the business literature.
Why Californians Shifted from Trains to Autos (and Not Buses), 1910-1941
This essay examines the transition from a rail-based intercity transportation system in California in 1910 to a road/private auto-based system thirty years later, with hypotheses that the transition could be explained by either corporate and state decisions for supplying infrastructure or by public demand. The essay examines trends of automobile ownership, road investment, bus organization and service provision, intercity passenger rail service provision, and intercity rail revenues, both within California and to and from California in each of the three decades. It concludes that public preference for private automobility explains most of the transition but that unserved demand remained for fast passenger train service between the state's large metropolitan areas. Failure to serve that demand derived from California's legacy of popular disdain for the private railroad industry.
Every year, road accidents entail enormous social and human
costs. Particularly alarming is the fact that during the 1990s, Italy
was incapable of improving the situation to the same degree as
other European countries. After a long period of inertia and lack of
interest, however, the Center-Left governments of the most recent
legislature have at last taken action. New policies set in motion
could reverse the trend, enabling Italy to respect the European
Union’s goal of achieving a 40 percent reduction in road mortalities
by the year 2010. Nevertheless, within the political system as a
whole, attention to the matter still appears limited, and there
seems to be no bipartisan consensus on the need to address the
problem. The Center-Right in particular, despite frequently
demanding “strong” state intervention in other matters such as
criminality (which nevertheless causes one-eighth the number of
deaths), appears to be strongly influenced by an individualist and
anti-state culture in this field.
Path-dependent Annexation and Highway Practices in an American Metropolis
How do cities grow? And how do decisions made about mobility and territory impact and structure that growth? Focusing on Houston, Texas after the Second World War, this article looks at how decisions made by city officials helped cement the dual processes of annexation and highway building into the city's growth structure. These strategies, while helping to explain how Houston become a leading metropolitan center during the second half of the twentieth century, also turned into path dependencies that limited Houston's mobility choices and stretched the city's ability to provide services to its citizens. The implementation of these two growth mechanisms shaped the unique development of the city and structured its relationships to the communities around it.
Margarita del Olmo
This paper focuses on analysing challenges that students coming from different countries face when they come to Spain and continue their school trajectories started in their countries of origin. I use the narrative of one of these students, constructed through ethnographic work carried out in a programme designed to help migrant students ease their transition into the school system of the Community of Madrid. This narrative allows me to introduce some of the challenges these students face and how they re-shape their trajectories and their self-perceptions according to the possibilities their new contexts present them with. With this, I contextualize the case study to show a broader picture of migrant students coming from different countries to stay in Spain during the last decade, and how schools themselves address this situation in Spain, in general, and in Madrid, in particular.
Neoliberal Governance and Government Educational Resource Manuals in Canada
Lisa Smith and Stephanie Paterson
others. (Nova Scotia Advisory Council on the Status of Women (hereafter NSACSW) 2006: 3) Over the past fifty years, in Canada and internationally, there has been a significant shift in the way in which young women are represented in public policy. Rather
For decades, governments across the world have tended to ignore, and sometimes even punish, poor and marginalized communities. Public policies have attended instead to the needs of our societies’ most privileged members. The COVID-19 pandemic has
Adding Social Quality to Organization Studies on Aging
Prabhir Vishnu Poruthiyil
How to Counteract the Isolation of Older Persons and of Organization Studies from Social Policy Management and organization studies (MOS) is vast, diverse, and sophisticated, and it is indeed surprising that its impact on public policy is less than