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Democracy in the Pacific Islands

Comparable Practices, Contested Meanings

Jack Corbett

Ian Shapiro identifies three traditions of democratic thought: aggregative, deliberative, and minimalist. All three are apparent in the Pacific Islands despite most commentators and donors assuming that the meaning of democracy is fixed. The focus in development studies on institutions and their capacity to deliver pro-poor growth has generated a fourth tradition that revolves around the now pervasive governance concept. Rather than focusing on the general will of a sovereign people, this perspective is predominately concerned with the legitimate use of violence as a precursor to any development-orientated democratic state. Having reviewed the literature on democracy in the Pacific to parse out these four meanings, this article concludes that paying greater attention to this ideational equivocality would extend discussions about the suitability and transferability of this type of regime.

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Ambivalent Mobilities in the Pacific

“Savagery” and “Civilization” in the Australian Interwar Imaginary

Nicholas Halter

Following World War I, the Pacific Islands became increasingly accessible to the average Australian with improvements in transportation and the growth of trade and business, Christian outreach, and colonial administration in the region

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Uneven development in the Papua New Guinea highlands

Mining, corporate social responsibility, and the “life market”

Jerry K. Jacka

Over the last 20 years, Papua New Guinea has been at the center of a resource development boom as mining, petroleum, and logging companies extract the rich resources of this tropical Pacific island. As 97 percent of the country is owned by customary groups who correspondingly receive benefits from extraction, resource development has the potential to integrate local communities into the global economy in beneficial ways. Often, though, this is not the case, as small factions of landowners control the bulk of development proceeds. In this article, I examine the development of a coffee growing scheme adjacent to the world-class Porgera Gold Mine, intended to help local people who are marginal to mining benefit streams. Tragically, however, instead of engaging in coffee production, many disenfranchised young men in Porgera prefer to work in the “life market”—a term they use to describe tribal warfare in which groups not receiving benefits attack benefit-receiving groups in the attempt to extort monetary payments. Not only are individuals' lives at stake in the life market, but so too are the economic conditions—coffee and gold mining—that allow the life market's very existence.

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James L. Flexner

well as the importance of such collections for archaeological interpretation ( Harrison et al. 2013 ). Archaeologists’ sensitivities to provenance, provenience, and context show the ways that we might interpret past mobilities among Pacific Island

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Holistic Houses and a Sense of Place

Contextualizing the Bishop Museum Hale Pili Exhibit through Archaeological Analyses

Jennifer G. Kahn

material culture styles from the Pacific Islands not found elsewhere, partly due to the fragile nature of organic objects and their inability to preserve in tropical contexts. Yet the importance of the Bishop Museum collections is mitigated by the fact that

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Ocean, Motion, Emotion

Mobilities and Mobilizations in the Pacific

Matt Matsuda

provenance of Pacific Island peoples continues to be a subject of debate. One key dispute questioned whether Islander ancestors could have sailed intentionally across the deepwater Pacific. These are very much settler questions, inquiries into whether ancient

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Worldly Tastes

Mobility and the Geographical Imaginaries of Interwar Australian Magazines

Victoria Kuttainen and Susann Liebich

example, there are eleven advertisements for sea travel, featuring destinations in Europe (mostly Britain), South Africa, North America, and the Pacific Islands. Four are full-page, colorful adverts for travel to Java, “the Garden of the East,” via

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Victoria C. Ramenzoni and David Yoskowitz

Respect to Freshwater.” Environmental Management 42 (3): 523–541. USGS. doi:10.1007/s00267-008-9152-0 . Allen, Stuart, and Paul Bartram. 2008. Guam as a Fishing Community . Administrative Report H-08-01. Honolulu, HI: NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries

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Integrating Research and Collections Management

The Ho‘omaka Hou Research Initiative at the Bishop Museum

Mara A. Mulrooney, Charmaine Wong, Kelley Esh, Scott Belluomini, and Mark D. McCoy

-Dating of the Kuli‘ou‘ou Rockshelter, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i: Location of the First Radiocarbon Date from the Pacific Islands .” Journal of the Polynesian Society 123 ( 1 ): 67 – 90 . 10.15286/jps.123.1.67-90 Kalfatovic , Martin R. , Effie Kapsalis

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Nicholas Thomas, Adrian Locke, Noelle M. K. Y. Kahanu, Simon Jean, and Lagi-Maama

standard geographic- and culture-area approach (which, for example, the 1979 Washington exhibition The Art of the Pacific Islands had employed) that dedicated space in succession to regions or cultural groups such as the Sepik, New Ireland, Māori, etc