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Becoming “Pacific-Minded”

Australian Middlebrow Writers in the 1940s and the Mobility of Texts

Anna Johnston

reading public. Her perspective from within journalism and publishing industries reveals another side to the US entrance into the Pacific War: the demand for Australian writing. In 1943, Hill received her author’s copies of the renamed, large, handsome

Open access

Politics of the Visible and the Invisible

War Images in Japanese and American Textbooks

Jessica Fernanda Conejo Muñoz, Daniel Veloza-Franco, and Julieta de Icaza Lizaola

historical memory of the Pacific War (1941–1945). Since there are multiple war scenarios and depictions of the war, we needed to delimit the scope of our analysis. We analyze and compare the conflict under three thematic headings, developed from the section

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Yoshiko Nozaki and Mark Selden

Japan's right-wing nationalists have launched three major attacks on school textbooks over the second half of the twentieth century. Centered on the treatment of colonialism and war, the attacks surfaced in 1955, the late 1970s, and the mid-1990s. This article examines three moments in light of Japanese domestic as well as regional and global political contexts to gain insight into the persistent problem of the Pacific War in historical memory and its refraction in textbook treatments. There are striking similarities as well as critical di erences in the ways the attacks on textbooks recurred and in the conditions of political instability.

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Jean-Paul Gagnon and Mark Chou

The post-1945 world is well documented for its surge in the study of and struggles over “democracy”. The Eurocentric and then Pacific wars were—and continue to be—in part understood as a fight over ideology. Ideas of fascism, nazism, and empire as well as the totality of the state came face to face with ideas like democracy. Considered the panacea to all the world’s political ills, democracy was employed by the West as both stick and carrot. For a system of governance that simply connoted a state restrained by periodic and competitive elections, democracy’s value soon became much more significant. Through the rule of law, statespeople and scholars started equating democracy with the protection of the individual’s civil, political, economic, social, and cultural freedoms. Some also began aligning democracy with sacred principles relating to no harm, nonviolence, antiweaponry, anticolonialism, anticommunism, and antiauthoritarianism—especially during the postwar international meetings of states and, later, the cultural revolutions of the circa 1960s.

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Ocean, Motion, Emotion

Mobilities and Mobilizations in the Pacific

Matt Matsuda

Christianity. The major island groups have a colonial history, having been taken as British protectorates beginning in the nineteenth century, and some fell under Japanese imperial rule during the Pacific War. Tarawa was noted for its bloody battles, and the

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Looking Outward from/with IGSA@ND

Angeletta KM Gourdine, Mary Celeste Kearney, and Shauna Pomerantz

, published “Contracting for Sex in the Pacific War” online in the peer-reviewed journal International Review of Law and Economics ( 2021 ). Ramseyer declared that the women and girls, some as young as 10, had voluntarily contracted themselves as sex workers

Open access

Michael J. Neufeld

American Legion and other veterans’ groups. A massive section on the Pacific War and Japanese atrocities had been tacked on the front end; the “decision to drop the bomb” had been edited to a shadow of itself; and the Japanese artifacts and all images of

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The Good, the Bad, and the Dead

The Place of Destruction in the Organization of Social Life, Which Means Hierarchy

Frederick H. Damon

) describes the same thing about World War II, concerning the Pacific War: [I]n Asia it was Allied combatants who collected ears. Like collecting gold teeth, this practice was no secret. “The other night,” read an account in the Marine monthly Leatherneck

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Mark S. Micale

—however, did not do so. As Schell has highlighted, the US government’s original motives for acquiring nuclear arms—beating Nazi physicists to the bomb, ending the Pacific war faster, and containing communism—became obsolete. In fact, as early as 1945 some

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Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert

north and resulted in the Chilean annexation of Peruvian and Bolivian lands after the Pacific War (1879–1883) ( Bermúdez Miral 1963 ). From a socio-cultural viewpoint, the exploitation of saltpeter initiated a transformation of the Atacameño life system