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Pentecostalism and Egalitarianism in Melanesia

A Reconsideration of the Pentecostal Gender Paradox

Annelin Eriksen

In 2001, Bernice Martin published her well-known paper on ‘the Pentecostal gender paradox’, and in the last decade or so we have had an increase in focus on questions of gender in studies of Pentecostalism, perhaps especially in anthropological

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Pentecostalism and 'National Culture'

A Dialogue between Brazilian Social Sciences and the Anthropology of Christianity

Cecília L. Mariz and Roberta B.C. Campos

This article aims to show how the hegemonic interpretation of Pentecos- talism in Brazil has difficulty recognizing changes caused by these churches to 'local' cultures. We argue that this tendency can be explained by a widespread adherence to structuralist theories of society combined with an unwillingness to accept the reimag- ining of a national culture historically built up by Brazilian social science. We suggest that the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God has been the Pentecostal church most studied by Brazilian researchers because it provides a powerful means to indicate the strength of 'Brazilian culture'. Through our analysis of more recent studies, we point out the salience of these debates to wider questions relating to the emergent anthropology of Christianity, concluding that since neither discontinuities nor continuities can be denied in the field, the focus on one or the other dimension should be seen as a methodological choice rather than an orientation specifically arising from empirical observation.

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“It's a Big Umbrella”

Uncertainty, Pentecostalism, and the Integration of Zimbabwe Exemption Permit Immigrants in Johannesburg, South Africa

Tinashe Chimbidzikai

lacuna, focusing on the role of religion in the integration of refugees in Africa ( Ecke 2015 ; Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 2011 ; Gozdziak and Shandy 2002 ; Mayer 2007 ). Yet, a handful of studies have explored the role Pentecostalism, the fastest-growing form

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Chronotopes of Conversion and the Production of Christian Fundamentalism in the Post-Soviet Arctic

Tatiana Vagramenko

of Korean Pentecostalism as it spread the message of American-style economics and anticommunism in Korea. During the early post-Soviet period, too, a variety of neo-Protestant movements became one of the forms of “de-sovietization,” an anti

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Pentecostal Networks and the Spirit of Globalization

On the Social Productivity of Ritual Forms

Joel Robbins

Pentecostal Christianity has in the last several decades demonstrated an ability to globalize with great speed and to flourish in social contexts of poverty and disorganization in which other social institutions have been unable to sustain themselves. This article asks why Pentecostalism should be so successful at institution building in harsh environments. I argue that this question is more fundamental than those scholars more often ask about the kinds of compensations that Pentecostalism provides for its adherents. I then draw on Collins's theory of interaction ritual chains to suggest that it is Pentecostalism's promotion of ritual to the center of social life that grounds its unusual institution-building capacity.

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‘Living as Londoners do’

Born‐again Christians in convivial East London

Leslie Fesenmyer

Kenyan Pentecostals attempt to ‘live as Londoners do’ without compromising their devotion to God. Doing so necessitates coexisting with religious and non‐religious others, including Muslims who they view simultaneously as a ‘threat’ to historically Christian Britain and an ‘example’ to emulate. While the anthropologies of Christianity and Islam have developed as separate sub‐fields, pluralist settings like East London demand attention to inter‐religious coexistence. To understand these born‐again Christians’ subjectivities and lives, I draw on existential anthropology to explore how they navigate the circumstances in which they find themselves. I argue that Pentecostalism offers them the means to live as ‘good’ Christians, allowing them to seek material success and salvation in such a setting. More broadly, I suggest that an existential anthropological lens is well suited for studying pluralist contexts where relational encounters between diverse people and ideas are inevitable.

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Politicizing Elsewhere(s)

Negotiating Representations of Neo-Pentecostal Aesthetic Practice in Berlin

Dominik Mattes

; Meyer 2004 ; Robbins 2007 ). They have demonstrated how conversion to Pentecostalism implied “a complete break with the person's former life” ( van Dijk 2009: 284) . Such ruptures meant the interruption of former social relations and the abnegation of

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Discipline (and Lenience) Beyond the Self

Discipleship in a Pentecostal-Charismatic Organization

Bruno Reinhardt

The question of ‘how institutions think’ ( Douglas 1986 ) has remained a consistent blind spot in the vast scholarship on global Pentecostalism and the anthropology of Christianity at large ( Robbins 2014 ; but see Barker 2014 ; Bialecki 2017: 48

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Reconfiguring Hell

Urgency and Salvation in the Faroe Islands

Jan Jensen

about personhood, work discipline, cosmology and so on. In later years, this line of inquiry has become even more pronounced with the burgeoning amount of literature on Pentecostalism and its spread around the globe ever since the latter half of the

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Religious Crossings and Conversions on the Muslim-Christian Frontier in Georgia and Kyrgyzstan

Mathijs Pelkmans

The renewed relevance of religion in post-Soviet public spheres has been accompanied by conspicuous and controversial conversion processes. This article compares cases of conversion on the Muslim-Christian frontier in Kyrgyzstan and in Georgia. It argues that the notions of boundary and frontier are essential to construct a more dynamic model for understanding 'spiritual' movement in social contexts that are rapidly changing. This approach in turn sheds light on the roles and the nature of social and cultural boundaries in the contemporary world.