Touted as a means to extend democracy to previously disenfranchised people, participatory budgeting actually covers a variety of motivations and effects. This article explores diverse reactions and meanings through a case study of the Peruvian peasant community of Allpalumichico. Although the economic system embedded in the legal requirements of the Peruvian participatory budgeting process derives from the global neoliberal agenda, the actual practices also reflect the personal and political strategies of local and national politicians. At the same time, the citizen participants and beneficiaries of the process understand it on their own terms. Despite both the decline of the peasant community as an institution and the increasing heterogeneity of the residents, collective norms of resource distribution continue to inform how allpalumichiqueños engage in participatory budgeting decisions. This collective sense of community could be the basis for much more organic and relevant forms of participatory budgeting.
Democratization, state control, or community autonomy?
The Travels of José Uriel García and Aurelio Miró Quesada Sosa
Rupert J. M. Medd
In this article I discuss the modernization of Peru during the 1930s and 1940s by focusing on the variety of ways in which Peru’s interior regions, natural resources, and people were being perceived and written about. I reflect on two narratives
Citizenship and environment-as-common-property in highland Peru
Mattias Borg Rasmussen
Defending what? “Who would not defend his rights?” the old man asked. We were sitting in his cobbler’s store in the small highland town of Recuay in the northern Peruvian Andes. Old shoes were stacked on the shelves on the wall, its blue paint
Wellbeing, Place and Extractivism in the Amazon
Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti
collaborators in the Peruvian Amazon. This is a timely opposition due to the centrality of wellbeing in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals — its post- 2015 Development Agenda (see Haddad and Jolly 2013 ). My engagement with kametsa asaiki is
Collective responses to shrinking water access among farmers in Arequipa, Peru
Astrid Oberborbeck Andersen
It is a particularity of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru that the urban landscape is made up of a patchwork of parts with buildings, roads and cement, and parts of cultivated land. The cultivated areas are known as la campiña arequipeña
Transforming Amerindian Sociality in Peruvian Amazonia
Institute of Linguistics (SIL) which began over fifty years ago in Peruvian Amazonia. As I demonstrate from my historical research into this project, close reading of accounts of former SIL employees and my own fieldwork among a people called the Amahuaca
Governmentality and profit extraction through fabricated abundance and imposed scarcity in Peru and Spain
Ismael Vaccaro, Eric Hirsch and Irene Sabaté
obligation to repay debts is thus reinforced by additional means (bureaucratic, legal, financial) that increase the pressure on debtors. Through the analysis of ethnographic accounts from Spain and Peru, we argue that the global debt society, made of indebted
Fredy B.L. Tobing and Asra Virgianita
escalated. The trend of economic growth centered in the Asia Pacific region as well as in Latin America and African countries provides the face of this shift. Countries, like Indonesia and Peru, have utilized free trade to power economic growth, further
Structuring urban landscapes on the margins of the possible in Peru
In Peru, land invasions have played an informal yet prominent role in implementing agrarian reform. In the southern Andes, peasant mobilization and land takeover were used as a means to circumvent a stalled expropriation process. Strategic lessons learned in agrarian settings have application on the margins of cities as well. New “urban areas” created out of expropriated hacienda lands in Cuzco were initiated by spontaneous occupancy which gradually became regulated and standardized in predictable ways. Administrative planning becomes a response to land takeover, playing a retrospective role in situations in which internal kinds of development already are unfolding. State permissiveness towards illegal occupancy is a carefully courted prize, not to be taken for granted. Nevertheless, residents invest years of effort in building their homes and neighborhoods, in the hope of eventually prevailing, despite contradictory and frustrating experiences with changing policies and bureaucratic encounters.
Documents, Infrastructure and Political Experimentation in Highland Peru
This article tracks the political effects of documents produced in relation to a public infrastructure project in the Peruvian Andes. By contrast with the recent focus on bureaucratic documents as aesthetic artefacts and instances of institutional form, I attend to the political processes enacted through project papers, exploring how their relational, material, affective and referential dimensions opened up spaces of political experimentation. In particular, I suggest that the power of documents to mediate the regulatory ambiguities incurred by Peru's ongoing decentralization lies partly in their capacity to espouse normative formality whilst always hinting at the possibility of its undoing.