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"Nothing Fails Like Success"

The Marxism of Raymond Aron

Max Likin

One of the most influential thinkers in twentieth-century French intellectual debates, Raymond Aron (1905-1983) spent a lifetime studying Karl Marx. Aron's adaptable interpretations of the German thinker began on the eve of the Second World War, continued in his Sorbonne lectures, and ended in his celebrated Memoirs. Far from being a mere object of derision linked to totalitarian regimes, the "semi-god" provided Aron with an unrivaled stage to promote his own evolving views on an array of critical epistemological and political issues linked to heterogeneous values, historical determinism, class warfare, and the role of Communist parties. Aron cleverly segmented his views on Marx so as to address different audiences and seduce the largest possible number of young people on the side of liberal democracy.

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Sartre, Aron and the Contested Legacy of the Anti-Positivist Turn in French Thought, 1938-1960

Iain Stewart

Taking as its starting point recent claims that Jean-Paul Sartre's Critique de la Raison Dialectique was written as an attempt to overcome the historical relativism of Raymond Aron's Introduction à la philosophie de l'histoire, the present article traces this covert dialogue back to a fundamental disagreement between the two men over the interpretation of Wilhelm Dilthey's anti-positivist theory of Verstehen or 'understanding'. In so doing it counters a longstanding tendency to emphasise the convergence of Aron and Sartre's philosophical interests prior to the break in their friendship occasioned by the onset of the Cold War, suggesting that the causes of their later, radical political divergence were pregnant within this earlier philosophical divergence.

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Une hypothèse sur l'arrivée de Durkheim à Bordeaux

Les « requêtes durkheimiennes » d'Hamelin (mars–avril 1887)

Nicolas Sembel

ce poste de Bordeaux Georges Gurvitch, lui aussi rapidement parti, ou Raymond Aron, encore plus rapidement, après six mois. L'origine du poste est aussi mouvementée que sa destinée. Durkheim apprend probablement son existence avant l

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Book Reviews

Marine Dhermy-Mairal, Jean-François Bert, and Baudry Rocquin

sociologist and initially a collaborator of Durkheim. However, he broke away from Durkheim in 1907, although, as Raymond Aron suggested in 1938, it could have been from the start (see n. 16, p. 11). In any case, he went so far as to take on the editorship, in

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Boudon's Interpretation of Durkheim Sociology

Robert Leroux

-functionalism, but from Durkheim's Suicide , which demonstrated that by giving circumscribed objects, the sociologist could place himself in a quasi-experimental position and build theories with a high level of verification’ ( Boudon 1968: 216 ). Following Raymond

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Book Reviews

Camille Robcis and Benjamin Poole

law. In the section on liberalism, Chabal includes a captivating analysis of the works of Raymond Aron, François Furet, and Pierre Rosanvallon, which he interprets as “counter-narratives to neo-republicanism.” Ultimately, Chabal suggests that this

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Book Reviews

John H. Gillespie, Marcos Norris, and Nik Farrell Fox

Simone de Beauvoir, Raymond Aron and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Unlike Thomas Flynn’s philosophical biography of Sartre, Cox doesn’t dwell on Sartre’s philosophy or indeed address the posthumous reception of it vis-à-vis the philosophies of structuralism and

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‘This Is a Farce’

Sartrean Ethics in History, 1938–1948 – From Kantian Universalism to Derision

Juliette Simont

Translator : Ârash Aminian Tabrizi

translations are mine. I also modified the official translations when they did not correspond to the French, or when I thought they were flawed or inconsistent with mine. – Ârash Aminian Tabrizi 2 Raymond Aron, Mémoires : 50 ans de réflexion politique (Paris

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Une lutte à trois

les propriétaires fonciers anglais et la répartition du revenu national dans le Capital (1867)

Mathieu J. Lainé

d'ailleurs lui-même l'a très bien expliqué. 89 En les circonstances, nous comprenons mal les raisons qui ont amené Raymond Aron, par exemple, à affirmer que Marx ne s'intéressait jamais qu'aux ouvriers et aux capitalistes, 90 ou celles qui poussent

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Deconstructing Sartre

Alfred Betschart

Rousset, and Gérard Rosenthal cannot be surprised by this statement. In contrast to Raymond Aron, Sartre never had an intimate knowledge of world politics, despite his open-mindedness and his many travels. Another example of a discrepancy between his