Two obstacles blocked the incorporation of the rescue of Jews in France into the Resistance movement. The first, which can be traced back to the sources of the social imaginary, had to do with the fear of stirring the old demon of the Jewish problem by referring specifically to the fate awaiting the Jews. The second was inseparable from the meaning attached to the Resistance ever since its inception, which focused on political opposition to Vichy and on the liberation of France and never included rescuing those whose lives were in danger. This double marginalization (from the History of the French people as a whole and from that of the Resistance) survived liberation and gave way to three different historiographies: that of the French Resistance, that of the rescue of the Jews, and that of Jewish resistance. The history of the rescue of the Jews in France should be studied through an integrated perspective that leads to thinking about the Resistance as a whole, organized and unorganized, Jewish and non-Jewish.
Rescue of the Jews and the Resistance in France
From History to Historiography
From a whisper to a scream: Ethics and resistance in the age of neoliberalism
Neoliberal policies in teacher education marginalise faculty voice, narrow conceptions of teaching and learning and redefine how we know ourselves, our students and our work. Pressured within audit culture and the constant surveillance of accountability regimes to participate in practices that dehumanise, silence and de-form education, teacher educators are caught between compliance and complicity or the potential and risks of resistance. Written from my lived experience within the neoliberal regime of teacher education, this article examines the vulnerabilities, fears and risks that shape our choices, as well as the possibilities for ethical, answerable action.
Sartre's Theater of Resistance: Les Mouches and the Deadlock of Collective Responsibility
Sartre's play Les Mouches (The Flies), first performed in 1943 under German occupation, has long been controversial. While intended to encourage resistance against the Nazis, its approval by the censor indicates that the regime did not recognize the play as a threat. Further, its apparently violent and solitary themes have been read as irresponsible or apolitical. For these reasons, the play has been characterized as ambiguous or worse. Sartre himself later saw it as overemphasizing individual autonomy, and in the view of one critic, it conveys an “existentialist fascism.” In response to this reading, it is necessary to attend to the elements of the play that already emphasize duty to society. From this perspective, the play can be seen as anticipating the concern with collective responsibility usually associated with the later Sartre of the 1960s. More than this, the play's apparent “ambiguity” can be found to exemplify a didacticism that is much more complex than sometimes attributed to Sartre. It is not only an exhortation about ethical responsibility, but also a performance of the difficulties attendant to that duty.
Adopting a Resistance Lens
An Exploration of Power and Legitimacy in Transitional Justice
Julie Bernath and Sandra Rubli
; Sriram 2012 ). However, while power and legitimacy have gained significant attention, the concept of “resistance” has not been comprehensively addressed. For transitional justice scholars, resistance is often simply associated with actors who show a lack
Reading the New Right
acts of resistance. Though the debate about the exact nature of archives is lively and ongoing, 10 there is widespread consensus about certain functions that archives assume. In her excellent overview of archival discourses, Marlene Manoff explains
Analyzing Resistance to Transitional Justice
What Can We Learn from Hybridity?
convincingly argued elsewhere (see, e.g., McEvoy and McGregor 2008 ), and the purpose of this article is not to rehearse such arguments but instead to take them as entry points into an underexplored aspect of these tensions: resistance. While much of the
Virile Resistance and Servile Collaboration
Interrupting the Gendered Representation of Betrayal in Resistance Movements
Women have long been perceived as intrinsically treacherous, placed in the position of a constitutive other of fraternal solidarity ( Boryzcka 2012 ; Bow 2001 ; Yuval-Davis 1993 ). Resistance movements are no exception. While hegemonic
Love as Resistance
Exploring Conceptualizations of Decolonial Love in Settler States
an intentional effort toward upholding each participant's unique ways of knowing and resistance to ongoing settler formations. In order to honor the land and waters that hosted us during our workshops, I overlaid participants’ creations with photos
Gramsci in and beyond resistances
The search for an autonomous political initiative among a subaltern group in the Beninese savanna
In recent decades, “resistance” has emerged as a crucial notion in critical theory debates on social movements and the transformative potential of popular politics. Slavoj Žižek (2007) has unfavorably remarked that contemporary post
Between Resistance and the State
Caribbean Activism and the Invention of a National Memory of Slavery in France
resistance within the context of twenty-first-century republicanism. This particular case illustrates the way new anti-racist groups mobilized the memory of slavery to articulate a new kind of black identity in France. This article therefore complements the