Integrated river management is heralded as the new style of river management, but it has been preceded by a number of previous styles, and is unlikely to be the last. This article presents the first analysis of the evolution of river management using Spiral Dynamics (SD). SD provides a growth hierarchy of value systems (vMemes), reflecting increasing complexity and inclusiveness ranging from instinctive to holistic. Based on an interpretation of literature and policy documents, we conclude that (1) SD provides a broad interpretative framework that can be applied in all river basins, (2) river management in the Netherlands shows the subsequent dominance of the blue, orange, and green vMeme, yellow is at the take-off phase, (3) further transition to yellow integrated river management requires identification of barriers to change. We give an overview and policy implications. Further research should be oriented towards quantification of vMemes in stakeholders and landscaping measures.
Menno W. Straatsma and Reinier J.W. de Nooij
Jos Spits, Barrie Needham, Toine Smits, and Twan Brinkhof
Many historical cities are built alongside rivers. Floodplains were attractive sites for urban expansion. However, the flood events since the 1990's have shown that many urban settlements are under flood risk. This research investigates how flood management and land use planning policies have changed after high water and (near)floods in the Netherlands, Germany, and France. In particular, it investigates how changing policies affect the development of urban riverfronts. Policy documents have been analyzed from all three countries and case studies illustrate the impact of changing policies on concrete developments.
eras, a Director General of Waterways ( hedao zongdu 河道總督) held responsibility for the lower course of the Yellow River, but that office was attached to the Director General of Grain Transport ( caoyun zongdu 糟運總督), and Yellow River management was
Anna Scolobig, Luigi Pellizzoni, and Chiara Bianchizza
administrations, organizations with interest in economic development, tourism, environment and agriculture, to cooperate with experts in defining guidelines for river management, taking into account flood defense needs, environmental issues, and potential future