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‘Our Troy, our Rome’

Classical Intertextuality in Titus Andronicus

Graham Holderness

classification as one of Shakespeare's bona fide ‘Roman’ plays. But the Rome of Titus is quite different from the historicist dramatisations of Rome in Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra. To start with, by general critical consensus, it is relatively

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The Decline of Rome

The Never-Ending Crisis in the Capital

Giada Zampano

The first female mayor in Rome’s history, Virginia Raggi, is faced with a dual challenge. First, she must try to solve the chronic problems of a city mired in debt and struggling with an ongoing emergency caused by chronic traffic problems and chaotic waste disposal. Then the young mayor must experiment with new ways of exercising power to establish the transparency required to restore the reputation of a political class that has led Rome to become known as the “Mafia Capital,” with its own “in-between world” made up of corrupt politicians, business people, and criminals. Since assuming office, Raggi has faced a political impasse, and her administration has suffered an embarrassing string of resignations and judicial scandals that have brought into question the city’s future prospects. Rome is now at a crossroads that may lead to either a much-awaited renaissance or a definitive meltdown.

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Père Marie-Benoît and Joseph Bass

The Rescue of Jews in Marseille and Nice, 1940-1943

Susan Zuccotti

Père Marie-Benoît was a French Capuchin priest who helped rescue thousands of Jews in Marseille, Nice, and Rome during the Holocaust. Unlike most non-Jewish rescuers, however, he worked regularly with courageous, dynamic Jewish men who became close personal friends. This article examines his cooperation with his first Jewish associate, Joseph Bass, who set up the Service André for Jewish rescue in Marseille. With Bass and his assistants, Père Marie-Benoît hid Jews in small units throughout the region; created networks to supply fugitives with food, documents, money, and moral support; enlisted help from sympathetic local bureaucrats; and avoided dependence on large Jewish assistance organizations. Working together, the Jews and non-Jews were much more effective than either group could have been alone. Père Marie-Benoît later applied these techniques to rescue activities in Rome. This article also examines why Père Marie-Benoît became involved in Jewish rescue in the first place, and shows that his wartime experiences determined his subsequent lifelong dedication to Jewish-Christian reconciliation.

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The First Italo-Ethiopian Clash over the Control of Eritrea and the Origins of Rome's Imperialism

Nikolaos Mavropoulos

of Italy's actions in East Africa can reveal a lot about the nature and origins of Rome's desire for imperial expansion. Moreover, critical analysis of a complex phenomenon such as imperialism is intended to help us understand difficult episodes in

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“I satt and saw”

Negotiating the Gaze in the Travel Writings of Anthony Munday and Thomas Dallam

Chloë Houston

In “eyewitness” accounts of the Mediterranean by Anthony Munday and Thomas Dallam, assertions of allegiance to Elizabethan England are destabilized by the physicality of “looking.” Early modern theories of vision and post-Reformation constructions of the viewed contributed to conceptualizations of objectified spectacle as a source of physical threat to the viewer. This article explores Munday's and Dallam's negotiations of the physicality of visual experiences as the authors participate in interactive modes of viewing demanded by the rituals and ceremonies of strangers. Witnessing a Jesuit whipping himself before devotional objects at the English college in Rome in 1578, Munday's emphasis on his physical difference to the Jesuit reproduces the idolatrous interaction with the viewed that this author critiques. Describing his presentation of a mechanical organ to the Sultan Mehmed III in Constantinople in 1599, Dallam's spectatorship is distorted as he becomes a functional part of the ceremonial display of this instrument.

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The Olive Grove of Rome

Romanization and the French Colonial Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Tunisia

Jessica Biddlestone

director of agriculture in the French protectorate, to render the arid soil of central Tunisia productive by recreating the “Olive Grove of Rome.” 2 In an 1893 report, Bourde outlined the colonization scheme and provided a historical rationale for olive

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Alemanno’s Surprising Victory in Rome

Giovanni Di Franco

Gianni Alemanno’s 2008 victory in Rome caused great surprise, given

that up until a few hours before the election it seemed certain that he

would become a minister in the new Berlusconi government, as it was

generally assumed that the results of the battle for the Campidoglio

were a foregone conclusion. For the first time, a politician belonging

to a party originating from the old Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI,

Italian Social Movement) took on the role of mayor of Rome. In 1993,

Gianfranco Fini, then leader of the MSI, ran for mayor but was defeated

in the second ballot by Francesco Rutelli himself. For the 15 years

since then, the capital had been a stronghold of the center-left, which

remained in power primarily due to the success of its mayors, Rutelli

and Walter Veltroni (two terms each, even though the second term

of the latter lasted only two years). In 2006, Alemanno was roundly

defeated in the first round by Veltroni, winning barely 37.1 percent of

the votes. How was such a reversal of support among the Roman electorate

possible in little over two years?

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Is This Love? Same-Sex Marriages in Renaissance Rome

Giuseppe Marcocci

In 1578, a same-sex community that gathered in a church, performing marriages between men, was discovered in Rome. Documentary evidence now verifies this story, reported by many sources, including a passage of Michel de Montaigne's Travel Journal, but which was for a long time denied by scholars. While briefly reconstructing this affair, this article explores the complex emotional regime surrounding the episode. In particular, it argues that those who participated in the ceremonies did so not only as an expression of affection for their partners, but also in an attempt to legitimize their relationships in a rite that imitated the Counter-Reformation sacrament of marriage. This approach challenges the predominant historiography on the birth of homosexuality and helps us to better understand the sentiments of those who were part of a same-sex community in Renaissance Rome.

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The Five Star Movement (M5S) in Rome

The real life of utopian politics

Jan‐Jonathan Bock

In June 2016, the anti‐establishment and grassroots‐democratic Five Star Movement (MoVimento Cinque Stelle, M5S) won local elections in Rome. Following fundamental opposition, supporters of the Movement now had to demonstrate their ability to govern and deliver on far‐reaching promises. This paper explores what happened when the utopian aspirations of the M5S – such as entangling the represented and their representatives in a permanent political dialogue, reshaping civic culture and harnessing new communication technologies for innovative types of participation – encountered political reality. I show that the divergent rhythms and tempos of political practice and bureaucratic reality soon split the more radical M5S supporters from the newly elected officials. Rather than realising utopian democratic behaviour, new technological possibilities and innovation in participation began to fracture the M5S.

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Rome's Disgrace

The Politics of Rape in Shakespeare's Lucrece

Peter J. Smith

Diana Fuss questions the "tendency to psychologize and to personalize questions of oppression, at the expense of strong materialist analyses of the structural bases of exploitation." While Shakespeare's poem acts in the opposite direction, it is a brave critic who will argue that their depersonalised readings of rape must be recognised to be more progressive or radical than those that focus on the victim. Rape is after all not a literary event, but a terrible reality with real-life casualties.