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World Routes

Arctic Workshop of the University of Tartu, 28-29 May 2010, Tartu, Estonia

Aimar Ventsel

The mini-conference “World Routes: Arctic Workshop of the University of Tartu” took place on 28–29 May 2010 in Tartu, Estonia.

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J. Cristobal Pizarro and Brendon M. H. Larson

and Canada. Following the framework of “roots and routes” of Gustafson (2001) , we identified the circumstances in which immigrants felt that species of birds represent roots to places of origin or childhood and routes to new places of destiny or

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The “Missing Link”

Space, Race, and Transoceanic Ties in the Settler-Colonial Pacific

Frances Steel

The inauguration of a steamship route between Canada and Australia, described as the “missing link,” was envisaged to complete Britain's imperial circuit of the globe. This article examines the early proposals and projects for a service between Vancouver and Sydney, which finally commenced in 1893. The route was more than a means of physically bridging the gulf between Canada and Australia. Serving as a conduit for ideologies and expectations, it became a key element of aspirations to reconfigure the Pacific as a natural domain for the extension of settler-colonial power and influence. In centering the “white” Pacific and relations between white colonies in empire, the route's early history, although one of friction and contestation, offers new insights into settler-colonial mobilities beyond dominant themes of metropole–colony migration.

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Giliberto Capano

The education policies of Berlusconi’s fourth government have been

characterized by a certain decision-making efficiency, when compared

with those of the governments that immediately preceded it (both Prodi

III and Berlusconi II and III). In fact, in the first two and a half years of the 16th Legislature, there have been decisions that will have a significant

impact on the educational system, and it should be emphasized

that many of these have actually been put into effect or are in the

first stage of implementation. The minister of education, Mariastella

Gelmini, has therefore clearly shown greater decision-making abilities

than her predecessors. She has taken advantage of the fact that she

has been able to develop her strategy via a “financial” route, with

educational rule-making informed by Law No. 133/2008, which contains

“urgent measures for economic development and for the simplification,

competitiveness, and stabilization of public finance and tax

equalization.”

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Khaled Furani

intellect. It typically treads routes marked by rationality, science, logic, and reason under the bold skies of secular norms that have designated the ways in which anthropology could, should, or must proceed and have warned of byways that should be avoided

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Ruy Llera Blanes

In this article, through a set of ethnographic vignettes from fieldwork conducted in Angola since 2015, I discuss the political semantics of crisis and austerity, and simultaneously outline an itinerary of a “traveling austerity” between Portugal and Angola, exposing the interconnectedness and mutual binding of both political and economic contexts. Invoking stories of migrant workers in Luanda and the work of local “financial activists” protesting against financial inequality in Angola, I question the relevance of national-based approaches to austerity politics, explore conceptualizations of austerity beyond its “original,” mainstream Eurocentric setting, and argue towards the necessity of analyzing transnational intersections in the study of austerity.

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Jean-François Grégoire

In an effort towards developing a normative theory of federalism, this paper offers a critical assessment of the work of Will Kymlicka and Ferran Requejo in order to show the progress and failures of liberal nationalist authors on issues raised by the normative dimensions of federalism in Western multinational contexts. More exactly, the paper argues that both authors fail to give a complete theory of federalism because the liberal conception of self-determination as non-interference can only create superficial unity and contingent trust, especially in multinational contexts, where non-interference is to regulate relations between particular identities and conceptions of citizenship. Drawing on this critical assessment of liberal nationalism, I argue that the neo-republican ideal of non-domination, as developed by Philip Pettit (1997, 2012), provides us not only with the adequate normative heuristics to assess national rights of self-determination, but also international relations and the institutional conditions needed to create binding trust within multinational federal constellations.

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Black October

Comics, Memory, and Cultural Representations of 17 October 1961

Claire Gorrara

obfuscation of the events by the French state has led individuals and groups to seek alternative routes for recognition. This article will explore one of these alternative routes: Octobre noir , a comic book collaboration between writer Didier Daeninckx and

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Transit Migration in Niger

Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?

Sébastien Moretti

, and by negotiating an agreement with Turkey in March 2016 aimed at stemming the arrival of irregular migrants through Turkey to Europe. With the number of people traveling through the Eastern Mediterranean route via Turkey to Greece and onward to

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An Environmentally Literate Explorer

A. E. Nordenskiöld’s Three Expeditions to the North Asian Coast, 1875–1879

Seija A. Niemi

Nordenskiöld’s expeditions beginning in 1868. Sibiriakov invested in the research of North Asian waterways between 1876 and 1879. He also personally oversaw efforts to utilize the Kara Sea Route. 3 Nordenskiöld also executed groundbreaking scientific