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Christine Adams

beginning to the end of the [eighteenth] century, the government of women is the only visible and appreciable government, having the succession and the qualifications, the reality and the employment of power.” 3 The royal mistress in particular represented

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Vincent Martigny

The 2007 Presidential election has been the occasion of a fierce debate between Nicolas Sarkozy and Segolène Royal on the issue of national identity. The victory of Nicolas Sarkozy has led to the creation of a Ministry of National Identity and Immigration, linking in a controversial way the management of newcomers and their acceptance of allegedly historical national "values." This article examines the debate during the campaign. It provides an analysis of the reasons why the definition and defense of national identity was discussed in the course of the election, and outlines the viewpoints of the two candidates on this issue. Finally, it argues that the temptation to fix politically the content of national identity is an ancient one in France. What has been presented as part of Nicolas Sarkozy's "rupture" with the past in this domain is in fact the latest development of a form of "state nationalism" that has been prevailing in France in recent decades.

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Miriam Shadis

about wealth, love, status, and salvation. The wills of royal and elite rulers inventory the material goods that might be found in the testaments of more ordinary people, differing perhaps in quantity and quality, but reflecting the same habits of

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Colonial Whips, Royal Writs and the Quaker Challenge

Elizabeth Hooton's Voyages through New England in the Seventeenth Century

Susanna Calkins

In their journeys to New England, Hooton and other Quakers tested both the colonial and royal authorities. When Hooton travelled to the colonies, she deliberately positioned herself within the developing philosophical, ideological and psychological transatlantic divide. With a royal permit in hand that enabled her to settle wherever she chose within the colonies, Hooton purposely attempted to live in the Bay Colony, where four Quakers had lost their lives at Boston Common. As such, Hooton personified the struggle for power between New England and the royal authorities, as each side attempted to mandate the extent and breadth of sovereignty in the colonies. Hooton used her journeys to New England to legitimate her authority to speak about colonial anti-Quaker legislation and to add her voice to a growing chorus attempting to shape royal policies. Ultimately, Hooton's journeys illustrate the gradual decline of royal power in the colonies. While the final break between England and the colonies would not occur for another hundred years, a contest for power that probed the extent of royal power was exploited and made evident by the journeys and experiences of Quakers like Elizabeth Hooton.

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Lena Steveker

his portraits by Van Dyck, which, as Sharpe observes, were central to his royal self-fashioning: ‘Charles was preoccupied with visual representation, with the authority of the images (and images of authority). … Van Dyck's portraits of the king and his

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At the Root of Learned Travel

New Science, the ‘Other’ and Imperialism in the Early Philosophical Transactions

Manuela D’Amore

It was 1 January 1665 when Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first appeared. Henry Oldenburg (c. 1618–1677), its founder and editor, pursued the Society’s end to promote experimental knowledge, and created a network of far

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Engaging Dialogues

Reframing Africa at the Royal Ontario Museum

Silvia Forni

1980s, more challenging confrontations revealed the unescapably timely and political role of museums, forcing a more pointed awareness of the impossibility of cultural heterotopias in contemporary societies. The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) in Toronto is

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The Madness of King Charles III

Shakespeare and the Modern Monarchy

Richard Wilson

.1.58). The Prince’s identification with an heir whose madness comes from being ‘too much i’th’sun’ (1.2.67) was close to the bone. Yet it highlighted the uncanny symbiosis Shakespeare’s texts have had with this royal ‘firm’, ever since the succession crisis

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Nicholas Thomas, Adrian Locke, Noelle M. K. Y. Kahanu, Simon Jean, and Lagi-Maama

Curating Oceania at the Royal Academy of Arts by Nicholas Thomas

An Internal Response to Oceania from the Royal Academy of Arts by Adrian Locke

“Exhibiting Oceania”: Conversing with the Curators (or Truth-Telling in Real Time) by Noelle M. K. Y. Kahanu

Océanie in Paris by Simon Jean

Oceania Catalogue by Lagi-Maama