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The stable stranger

Constructing “the Roma” within the European neoliberal culture complex

Marianne Blom Brodersen and Emil André Røyrvik

, and ideologically created nature—with the fashioning of the reifying and all-embracing “Roma ethnic group” category by contemporary EU documents and policies. We explore a thesis regarding the ongoing redefinition, relabeling, and refunctionalization

Free access

Non- and dedocumenting citizens in Romania

Nonrecording as a civil boundary

Ioana Vrăbiescu

rights NGOs. To defend his position, the mayor of Eforie Sud condemned the local police officers, who were alleged to have mistakenly recorded people at that address: “[It is the] police’s fault that they issued ID cards to the Roma.” He added: “A long

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Migrations West to East in the Times of the Ottoman Empire

The Example of a Gypsy/Roma Group in Modern Iran

Elena Marushiakova and Vesselin Popov

This article presents the community of the Romanies/Gypsies called the Zargar, who live in contemporary Iran. For centuries the Zargar had not been aware of the existence of other Gypsies. Only nowadays, with the means of modern telecommunications, including the Internet, have representatives of the Zargar 'discovered' that there are other Roma in the world, and they have begun looking for their place within the international Romani community. Lacking a clear memory of their own past, the Zargar are trying to construct such a history and an extended identity, while establishing contact with their 'kin' in Europe.

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Paloma Gay y Blasco

Open access

Ada Ingrid Engebrigtsen

This article discusses the relationship between nomadic people and the figure of the nomad in a European context. Based on a discussion of the presence of the figure of the nomad in European folk imaginary and in the social sciences, from Pierre Clastres's (. . New York: Urizen) work on stateless societies, to Deleuze and Guattari's philosophy of Nomadology (1986. . New York: Semiotex(e)) and Braidotti's (. . New York: Columbia University Press) nomadic feminism, the article employs a ‘nomadic’ perspective on ethnographic work of mobile people. It argues that ideas contrasting the nomadic and the state can be put to use for epistemological purposes.

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Improving and protecting human rights

A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe

Silvia-Maria Chireac and Anna Devis Arbona

student population in many schools across Europe. In this respect, one particular case portraying the challenges of immigration and integration is the situation of Roma children who are enrolled in the education systems of EU countries, where they

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“Work pays”

Slovak neoliberalism as “authoritarian populism”

Nicolette Makovicky

Focusing on the implementation of the New Social Policy in January 2004 and the social unrest that followed, this article traces the discursive construction of welfare dependence as a “Romani” problem through the creation of a media-led “moral panic”. Situating this “moral panic” within the wider context of competing populist narratives in postsocialist Slovakia, it argues that the ethnicization of the unrest constituted a rearticulation of nationalist populist symbols into liberal political logic. Employed by the opposition, the first of these narratives posited liberalization as the dispossession of the working majority by corrupt elites. This was countered by a second narrative presented by the center-right coalition that posited welfare as a system of “just rewards” for those willing to work, while constructing the Romani minority as social deviants. As such, it appeared to be a variant of what Stuart Hall has called “authoritarian populism”: an attempt by the leading coalition to harness popular discontents in order to justify exceptional levels of government intervention into social life.

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Laura Sartori

A foreigner robbed, beat up, raped, and dumped an Italian woman,

Francesca Reggiani, to die in a ditch as she was returning home along

a poorly lit, scruffy road in Tor di Quinto, a peripheral area of Rome

and the site of a gypsy camp. This incident in 2007 was the final straw

that resulted in an explosive debate on safety and security in Italy,

coinciding with the presentation by the government of its Security

Package on 30 October.

Free access

Emplacing Smells

Spatialities and Materialities of ‘Gypsiness’

Andreea Racleș and Ana Ivasiuc

The politics of ‘Europeanness’ cannot be disentangled from the question of the racialisation of the Roma ( Yıldız and De Genova 2017 ): their othering can tell us something about the claims to legitimacy of contemporary European liberalism