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Gilad Ben-Nun

stipulations of Roman law. Lastly, I wish to demonstrate the difference with which both of these legal systems address forced migrants from both categories. In search for the definitional difference between these two categories of displaced people as they

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The Status of the Jews in Roman Legislation

The Reign of Justinian 527–565 CE

Catherine Brewer

The reign of Justinian (527–565 CE) was a period of significant legal activity: his administration produced two versions of the Justinian Code, the first in 529, and a second, revised version in 534. This code was designed to bring together all the laws that had been collected in earlier codes and those enacted since the last, the Theodosian Code of 438. In the process of compilation, obsolete or duplicate laws were removed, while the remaining laws were substantially edited. The Justinian Code remained in force in the Eastern Empire until the ninth century, while in the West it became influential in the twelfth century as the primary source of information about Roman law. The Justinian Code contains thirty-three laws relating to Jews. Additional laws are found in the Digest compiled in 533, which condensed and ordered the work of the Roman jurists, and in the Novels (new laws) of Justinian issued during his reign.

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James Furner

'Tacit consent' has long interested historians of political thought and political philosophers, but its nuances nevertheless remain unappreciated. It has its roots in the Roman law concept of a 'tacit declaration of will'. Explicating this concept allows a new conception of tacit consent to be proposed, which I term the 'tacit declaration of consent'. The tacit declaration of consent avoids both the triviality of common sense views and a weakness in Hobbes' account. Unlike other contemporary philosophical accounts, it avoids fictions and meets the condition of intentionality. Furthermore, it also advances understanding of the sorts of claim offered by proponents of a tacit consent-based theory of political obligation, whilst facilitating a more radical critique. The tacit consent-based theory of political obligation is not simply limited in application, but indefensible. It unwarrantedly transposes onto tacit consent the potentially fictional character of declarations of will.

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Niki Megalommati

marriage, women gained power and value and were ultimately protected by the laws. Byzantine law, as the continuation of Roman law, had to be adapted to new religious and social situations. 7 Between the establishment of the eastern capital at

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

discussion of seemingly less violence in the criminal law, one can cite many ways in which Russia was a violent state and society. Take torture, for example. Russia borrowed some aspects of the revived Roman law that spread across Europe in the sixteenth

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Anna Sapir Abulafia

. He did this as part of his response to contemporary conflicts raging within western Christendom. Inspired by Paul and working within the framework of Roman law, which recognized Judaism as a licit religion, Augustine taught that Jews should be

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God's Voice in a Secular Society

A Christian Perspective

Trevor Wedman

content of the norms within the legal system is not only similar to, but actually an extension or application of moral theology, with the legal norms of the Western societies developing out of the Roman law which co-existed harmoniously with Canon law for

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Mireia Comas-Via

Translator : Delfi I. Nieto-Isabel

based on these elements, along with the wages they were able to earn by themselves. With the restitution of Roman law, the dowry became the contribution the bride made—in properties, movables, or money—in order to sustain the burdens of marriage. The

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Ecaterina Lung

, The Histories , bk. 2, ch. xxvii. 68 Judith Evans-Grubbs, “Marrying and Its Documentation in Later Roman Law,” in To Have and to Hold: Marrying and Its Documentation in Western Christendom, 400–1600 , ed. Philip L. Reynolds and John Witte, Jr

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Injury and Measurement

Jacob Grimm on Blood Money and Concrete Quantification

Anna Echterhölter

ensemble of the Germanic leges barbarorum , the so-called laws of the barbarians, from various countries is perceived in a very similar light today. The proximity of these rules to Roman law is often stressed, but it is also understood that lawmaking in