, political authorities resorted to public education in their bid to construct and legitimize nation-states and to elicit their subjects’ identification with these new state formations. The Romanian case is no exception to these wider trends. By the outbreak
Nurturing Romanian Socialists
Reading Primers Before, During and After the Second World War
Simona Szakács-Behling and Mihai Stelian Rusu
Non- and dedocumenting citizens in Romania
Nonrecording as a civil boundary
nonrecording people that characterize the Romanian state’s exclusionary policies toward its own citizens on the basis of administrative registration. They reveal two techniques used by the nonrecording state: failing to register newborns and revoking identity
Commoditisation and Informal Relations in the Managerialist Informatisation of the Romanian Health-Care System
Sabina Stan and Valentin-Veron Toma
While informatisation has officially been hailed as a major component of the modernisation of the Romanian health-care system, this paper, based on ethnographic research in Romanian hospitals, shows that it has been mostly geared towards managerialist goals of administrative control and cost containment. Paradoxically, informal relations, which were supposed to be suppressed as a result of both informatisation and managerialist marketisation, continue to thrive in the Romanian health-care system.
Anthropological adventures with Romania's Wizard of Oz, 1973-1989
Throughout the Cold War, most people in the US saw the communist party-states of the Soviet bloc as all-powerful regimes imposing their will on their populations. The author, a child of the Cold War, began her fieldwork in Romania in the 1970s in this belief. The present essay describes how her experiences in Romania between 1973 and 1989 gradually forced her to see things differently, bringing her to realize that centralization was only one face of a system of rule pervaded by barely controlled anarchy and parasitism on the state. It was not simply that the regime had failed to change people's consciousness; rather, the system's operation was actively producing something quite different. These insights contributed to the author's developing a new model of the workings of socialism.
The Measurements of Boundary Kin in an Inheritance Bubble in Romania
In 2019, the current president of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, and his wife Carmen lost their final court appeal of a restitution claim for two valuable buildings located in the historical center of Sibiu, a relatively rich second-tier city. The
Gender and Religiosity among the Orthodox Christians in Romania
Continuity and Change, 1945–1989
This article questions the claim that in Romania, the post-1990 period was one of radically greater freedom in religious matters, as well as greater religiosity on the part of the population. Instead, it suggests that continuity be er encapsulates the development of religiosity—religious beliefs and their embodiment in specific practices— among Orthodox Christians in Romania in the twentieth century. It also makes visible important imbalances, gaps, and faulty assumptions about the importance of institutions in the daily religious practices and beliefs of most Orthodox populations in the historiography on Orthodoxy in Romania. Scholars have failed to see continuities and have embraced analytical frameworks that stress change, especially around the communist takeover period (1945–1949) and the fall of communism (1989–1990). Central to re-evaluating this trajectory are two aspects of Orthodoxy in Romania: (1) most believers live in the countryside; and (2) women have remained central to the development and maintenance of religious practices in ways that cannot be accounted for through any institutional analysis of the Orthodox Church, because of its both implicit and explicit misogyny.
Behind Closed Doors?
The Private Lives of the Minor Communist Party Activists in Romania, 1945–1960
. In April 1957, he also became a member of the Romanian Communist Party (RCP). It was likely that the social status he had achieved through his education and party membership helped the engineer solve his housing issue: in May 1957, one month after M
Buffeted by Political Winds
Children’s Literature in Communist Romania
Romanian children’s literature may be as rich as any other, but critics and historians have only focused on its pre-Communist period. Although after the fall of Communism and the revival of free speech the reevaluation of recent history based
The Brothel Phone Number
Infrastructures of Transnational Pimping in Eastern Romania
Trine Mygind Korsby
Pimping is the main job for us here in Galaţi. It is the city of pimps [ oraşul peştilor ] in Romania. A few guys started it and saw how good it was, and then everybody said to their girlfriend: ‘Come, let’s go!’ So that’s what I am doing
Ambiguous Attachments and Industrious Nostalgias
Heritage Narratives of Russian Old Believers in Romania
It was during a hot summer day in 2015 when, together with a group of informants, I visited a Russian Old Believers’ church in Climăuți, a Romanian village situated at the border with Ukraine ( Figure 1 ). 1 After attending a church service