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“Historical Falsification” as a Master Trope in the Official Discourse on History Education in Putin’s Russia

Julie Fedor

This article explores a key claim underpinning Russian official memory politics, namely, the notion that Russia’s past (and especially the role it played in the Second World War) is the object of a campaign of “historical falsification” aimed at, among other things, undermining Russian sovereignty, especially by distorting young people’s historical consciousness. Although “historical falsification” is an important keyword in the Kremlin’s discourse, it has received little scholarly attention. Via an analysis of official rhetoric and methodological literature aimed at history teachers, I investigate the ideological functions performed by the concept of “historical falsification.” I show how it serves to reinforce a conspiratorial vision of Russia as a nation under siege, while simultaneously justifying the drive toward greater state control over history education.

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Gender and Culture in the Turkish Province

The Observations of a Russian Woman Traveler (1868)

Evguenia Davidova

This article examines Maria F. Karlova's relatively unknown travelogue about her visit to Ottoman Macedonia and Albania in 1868. She was a sister of the prominent Slavist scholar and diplomat Alexander F. Gil'ferding and traveled with him. She appears to be the only known Russian female traveler to publish a travelogue about the Ottoman Balkans until the late 1870s. Karlova constructs her gender identity through elite lenses against three principal backdrops: the Turkish province, Europe, and Russia. She offers an example of how gender and class can be inserted into discourses about Russian identity and Russia's place in Europe's symbolic map of modernity. She also introduces gender issues into debates about Russia's political interests and Slavophile views about the Balkans. This article argues that Karlova asserts her sense of belonging to European elite culture in order to raise the issue of women's emancipation. The travelogue provides insights into the process of gender construction in Russia. The intertwined themes of gender, class, and national identity are compared to contemporaneous Victorian women's travelogues.

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Book Reviews

Boris Belge, Anna Bara, Tricia Starks, and Christopher J. Ward

Elizaveta Shirokogoroff, Ethel Lindgren, and Oscar Mamen, Masha Shaw and Natalie Wahnsiedler's examination of Pomor (an ethnic group of northern Russia) Identity in Russian Ethnography as well as editor Alymov and Svetlana V. Podrezova's look at the

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Russia’s Return as True Europe, 1991–2017

Iver B. Neumann

broader story of the change in Russian identity as it has been brought on by the return of xenophobic nationalism. “Return to Civilization” From the attempted August 1991 coup against Gorbachev and until President Boris Yeltsin stormed the State Duma in

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“Biggest Nationalist in the Country”

Self-Descriptive Uses of “Nationalist” in Contemporary Russia

Veera Laine

–647. 66 “Il'ya Glazunov.” 67 “Vremya znat’” [Time to know], Krasnoyarskaya gazeta , 20 June 2008. 68 Yuri Teper, “Official Russian Identity Discourse in Light of the Annexation of Crimea: National or Imperial?” Post-Soviet Affairs 32, no. 4 (2016

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“The Community is Everything, The Individual is Nothing”

The Second World War in Russian History Education

Dagmara Moskwa

The Second World War, often referred to in Russia as the Great Patriotic War, is considered the most important event of twentieth-century Russian history and has had a strong influence on contemporary Russian identity. The myth of the Great

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Is Germany Part of the West?

A Reconstruction of Russian Narratives

Maren Rohe

dominance.” 9 Therefore, although the West and Europe are overlapping concepts, they carry diverging associations and connotations in Russian identity narratives. Russian intellectual as well as political elites have usually claimed or aspired to

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To Whom Does History Belong?

The Theatre of Memory in Post-Soviet Russia, Estonia and Georgia

Francisco Martínez

still in the making in Russia. Also, Fomenko tells an old story about Russian identity in a new way, resonating with debates existing in Russian culture for centuries ( Sheiko 2004 ). In Russia, history has traditionally been approached as serving to

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Urban Population Identities and Symbolic Value

Cities in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)

Natalia K. Danilova, Irena S. Khokholova, Kiunnei A. Pestereva, Alena G. Tomaska, and Alina P. Vasileva

of History , the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Drobizheva , L. M. 2020 . “ Rossiiskaia identichnost’: Poiski opredeleniia i dinamika rasprostraneniia. ” [Russian identity: Searching for definition and distribution dynamics] Sotsiologicheskie

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How Much ‘Europeanness’ Remains in Contemporary Russia?

Larisa Deriglazova

Evropejskij Soyuz: Pereosmyslivaya Strategiyu Vzaimootnoshenij ( Moscow : Gendal ’f). Cotta , M. (forthcoming), ‘ European Identity: From the World of Ideas to That of Political Organisations ’, in I. Semenenko (ed.), Russian Identity Encyclopaedia