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Gatherings of Mobility and Immobility

Itinerant “Criminal Tribes” and Their Containment by the Salvation Army in Colonial South India

Saurabh Arora

In retelling the history of “criminal tribe” settlements managed by the Salvation Army in Madras Presidency (colonial India) from 1911, I argue that neither the mobility–immobility relationship nor the compositional heterogeneity of (im)mobility practices can be adequately captured by relational dialecticism espoused by leading mobilities scholars. Rather than emerging as an opposition through dialectics, the relationship between (relative) mobility and containment may be characterized by overlapping hybridity and difference. This differential hybridity becomes apparent in two ways if mobility and containment are viewed as immanent gatherings of humans and nonhumans. First, the same entities may participate in gatherings of mobility and of containment, while producing different effects in each gathering. Here, nonhumans enter a gathering, and constitute (im)mobility practices, as actors that make history irreducibly differently from other actors that they may be entangled with. Second, modern technologies and amodern “institutions” may be indiscriminately drawn together in all gatherings.

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Stéphanie Ponsavady

uses the interrelation between aspiration and desperation as a powerful analytical framework to interrogate the relationships between mobility, immobility, migration, and sedentarization. By confronting these term-pairs, they also seek to deconstruct

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Mobilizing Malian-Diasporic Identities

How Southern News Websites Facilitate Non-sedentarist Discourses on African Migration

Syntia Hasenöhrl

African Mobile Agents between Sedentarizing and Mobilizing Discourses As early as in 1988, Zygmunt Bauman predicted “the freedom to move, perpetually a scarce and unequally distributed commodity, fast becomes the main stratifying factor of our

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Interrogating Aspirations through Migratory Mobilities

Supurna Banerjee and Eva Gerharz

to migration and sedentarization. Interrogating aspirations through socially shared patterns of meaning that normalize and historicize migration, the contributions to this special section seek to connect micro- and macro- level analyses of

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Conservation-Induced Resettlement

The Case of the Baka of Southeast Cameroon—A Variation on the Habitual Mobility–Immobility Nexus

Harrison Esam Awuh

, the Baka have been forced to settle in villages alongside the sedentary and dominant Bantu groups. 9 After their forced displacement, resettlement, and sedentarization, the Baka have fallen victim to marginalization by the state and other ethnic

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Book Review

Book Review

Shelly Volsche

sedentarization and loss of livestock as a result of tensions related to land privatization. Chapter 2, “To hold on and belong to one's land,” opens by defining nutag (Mongolian; nyutag , Buryat). Roughly translated as “homeland,” the nutag anchors herders

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Stéphanie Ponsavady

African sedentarization in “Mobilizing Malian-Diasporic Identities: How Southern Online News Portals Facilitate Non-sedentarist Discourses on African Migration.” By exploring in great depth a selection of articles from a Malian-diasporic online news portal

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Forced Emplacement

Flood Exposure and Contested Confinements, from the Colony to Climate Migration

Eric Hirsch

case studies that contextualize efforts to limit the mobility of populations exposed to acute climate impacts within deeper local histories of colonization, sedentarization, and diverse forms of state control of marginalized communities. Reproducing a

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Visualizing Vigilance in the Generalized Representation of the Nomad

Reflections on the Banjara Community in Rajasthan, India

Urmi Bhattacharyya

within restricted territories. Such measures developed on grounds of presumptions concerning a connection between the absence of sedentarized, lawful occupations among peripatetic communities and criminal dispositions. If proven “guilty,” the local

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Narratives of the Invisible

Autobiography, Kinship, and Alterity in Native Amazonia

Vanessa Elisa Grotti and Marc Brightman

groups, mainly focusing on the Trio. The Trio and Wayana are swidden horticulturalists who, prior to contact and sedentarization, 2 lived in smaller, semi-nomadic cognatic groups of about 30 people, which usually settled alongside creeks and maintained a