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Family History and Social History

Étienne Davodeau's Reportage of Reality in Les Mauvaises gens

Clare Tufts

This article discusses a bande dessinée that recounts the life story of the artist's parents, factory workers in a deeply conservative milieu who became trade union militants. The article is split into four sections. The first deals with techniques that reinforce the effect of documentary accuracy; the second examines how page layout adds symbolic effects and varies pace and perspective; the third analyses the complex chronology, in which there is not only a shifting between the time of narration and the time of the events recounted, but a further significant temporal displacement relating to the process of narration; the fourth considers the extent to which this biography is also necessarily autobiographical.

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Les Assurances Sociales

une contribution à la modernisation de la société française dans l'entre-deux-guerres?

Bruno Valat

The 1930 law creating social insurance was the Third Republic's great achievement in the social arena. However, the historiography of contemporary France contains barely a trace of this achievement. Victim of the regime's discredit as well as of the lack of any reformist political efforts in its favor, social insurance of the 1930s has also suffered by comparison to later achievements, particularly the creation of Social Security in 1945. However, if we study social insurance in its own historical context—and not in reference to the postwar period—, it can constitute an original source for the study of the modernization of French society. This article proposes three approaches: social insurance constitutes a vector for the acculturation of the working class to retirement and to the medicalization of health, contributing to the history of working class uses and representations of consumption and social rights. On a more institutional level, the experience of social insurance reveals the first legal experiments with co-gestion involving employers, workers, and insurance organizations. Finally, a prosopographical study of the militant trajectories linked to social insurance could contribute to the history of the working-class movement between 1930 and the end of the Thirty Glorious Years: is there a "social insurance generation" within French syndicalism?

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The Morality of Motoring

The Emergence of the Automobile in Belgium, 1895-1940

Donald Weber

The emergence of the automobile in Belgium from 1895 onwards brutally disrupted the traditional social order on the roads, transforming social practices and the order of society from the mundane-the everyday use of transport-to the more rarified-urban planning and the use of public space. In this article, we will deal with the earliest history of motorization in Belgium. We will analyze motorization as a process of interaction between a specific set of social actors, and focus on its outcome: modern traffic policy as a conflict-management strategy. It is argued that traffic policy evolved from an originally moral strategy into a technical strategy, as engineers and the public road administration introduced Foucauldian approaches in order to discipline the traffic system.

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Mandarins in the Public Sphere: Vergangenheitsbewältigung and the Paradigm of Social History in the Federal Republic of Germany

Wulf Kansteiner

Since the 1960s, Germany’s historical culture has continually reprocessed

the Nazi past and later the Holocaust for the purposes of education,

remembrance, and entertainment. The objective of this process,

Vergangenheitsbewältigung, is the self-centered and self-designed

therapeutic treatment of the descendants of the perpetrators and

bystanders of Nazism. It seems that Germans, who were better fascists

than other Europeans, are also determined to excel at the task of

working through Nazism and the World War II era. Therefore,

attempts at mastering the past have given rise to hectic cultural activity

as the field of contemporary history illustrates: “[I]ncessantly the

German business for contemporary history generates fast-food products.

It is based on a perpetual mobile of commissions, projects and

mini-grants, temporary employment and welfare-to-work subsidies,

conferences and lecture series—a perpetual mobile of pedagogical historiography

and history obsessed pedagogy.”

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Koselleck's Dichotomies Revisited

Gabriel Entin

limits to some of Koselleck's methodological proposals. 7 I believe this is the case with constitutive dichotomies in his theory of history: social history and conceptual history, and reality and language. These dichotomies consist on basic distinctions

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Introduction

Marxian anthropology resurgent

Patrick Neveling and Luisa Steur

reflected in the lineages of Marxian anthropology, which we will go deeper into now. In starting our short social history of Marxian anthropology, it should be noted, however, that despite the anthropological tendency in Marx and Engels’ writings, academia

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The Bodily Efficacy of the Categories

Durkheim and Mauss's Intervention into the History of Philosophy

Erhard Schüttpelz and Martin Zillinger

the foundation for his (iii) philosophy of right or ‘sociology’. Seeking a social history of the categories thus meant reversing Hegel's own course of specifications, aspiring from (#iii) sociology back towards (#ii) the phenomenology of the objective

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Groping in the Dark

Conceptual History and the Ungraspable

Jan Ifversen and Christoffer Kølvraa

acknowledges that events transcend structures and that a history of events cannot simply be overruled by a social history. As he somewhat cryptically says: “Every event produces more and less than is contained in the pre-given elements.” 13 Here we are

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Book Reviews

Yitzhak Reiter, Ned Lazarus, Uri Ben-Eliezer, Adi Mahalel, Orna Sasson-Levy, and Shalom Rosenberg

effort is a resounding success. Ned Lazarus George Washington University Shay Hazkani , Dear Palestine: A Social History of the 1948 War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2021), 348 pp. Hardback, $90.00. Kindle, $21.49. The idea

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“Home Is Home No Longer”

Political Struggle in the Domestic Sphere in Postarmistice Hungary, 1919-1922

Emily R. Gioielli

diplomacy. Studies of the postarmistice Hungarian revolutions and counterrevolution have mostly focused on high politics, military affairs, and the Treaty of Trianon. 3 The paucity of social history perspectives has made the crises following World War I