This article focuses on the economic aspects of German European policy in the 1950s and raises the question whether the economic system of the Federal Republic of Germany, “Soziale Marktwirtschaft” had any impact on the European policy of the West German state. It argues that Social Market Economy as defined by Ludwig Erhard influenced German European policy in certain aspects, but there was a latent contradiction between the political approach of Konrad Adenauer and this economic concept. Moreover, this article shows that West German European policy was not always as supportive for European unity as it is often considered.
, whose biting polemic about the 1950s is reduced to a brief description in a textbook. Notes 1 This and all following translations of quotations from German into English are by the author. Angela Merkel, “70 Jahre Soziale Marktwirtschaft,” 15
Factors Behind its Emergence and Profile of a New Right-wing Populist Party
Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft (Initiative for a New Social Market Economy), the Bündnis Bürgerwille (Alliance of the Citizens’ Will), the Wahlalternative 2013, and the fundamentalist-Christian campaign network Zivile Koalition (Civil Coalition) set up by
A Model Reconsidered
By the 1980s, West Germany’s social market economy ( Soziale Marktwirtschaft ) provided a remarkable institutional infrastructure for worker voice and protection, which effectively ruled out “low-road” corporate strategies that might have sought to