The German energy transition repeatedly faces harsh critiques questioning its economic and environmental merits. This article defends the energy transition and argues that Germany has chosen an economically efficient and particularly forceful approach to securing a sustainable energy supply. Though current expenditures are high, the long-term benefits of transforming the energy system to a renewables-based system are likely to outweigh present investment costs. Furthermore, support policies for renewables are not redundant-as some critics claim-but instead complement other policy instruments, such as the emissions trading scheme. This article also addresses the motives behind the discrediting attacks on the German energy policy regime. Defensive actions by beneficiaries of the former energy market structure are only to be expected, but the attacks from liberal economists are astonishingly fierce.
Erik Gawel, Sebastian Strunz, and Paul Lehmann
Helga A. Welsh
Characterized by a highly complex and segmented decision-making structure and strong conventions and values, German higher education was long considered impervious to significant change. In recent years, several initiatives demonstrate both the resistance to, and prospects for, profound reforms. This article focuses on two such endeavors: the establishment of junior professorships and the introduction of general tuition fees. Both policies aim to break ironclad traditions—in the first case, the entry qualification for professorships; in the second, the principle of free education. The discourse surrounding the establishment of these initiatives has emphasized performance and competition. The new advocacy coalitions and their opponents, however, use different frames to interpret these terms. The battle of ideas and policies regarding a reconfigured academic hierarchy has been shaped by stakeholders in the scientific community, with political actors taking a secondary role. On the other hand, the discourse surrounding the introduction of tuition fees reverses this order, with political actors taking the prominent role. Discourse patterns and involvement of political parties matter. The analysis reveals the competing rhetorical and policy frames that support policy diversity. Policy change adds to, rather than eliminates, existing structures.
. , Ghazi-Tabatabayi , M. , Mehrabi , Y. , Mehri , N. and Mohammadi , G. ( 2014 ), ‘ Health and Socioeconomic Status of Female-headed Households: Support Policies and Programs ’, Statistical Research and Training Center , Tehran, Iran . http
Comparing German Party Responses to the Euro Crisis
will be perceived as real or imagined by the citizens; there is no “true” state of the world. Populist politicians have proved adept at scaring people into supporting policies that they would otherwise reject. 19 Extremist or challenger parties are
The Rhetoric of Dutch Immigrant Integration Policy in 2011
Dana Rem and Des Gasper
the Labour Party (PvdA) and included the VVD and the centrist secular Democrats (D66). It took significant steps away from minority-support policies and toward an integration policy. The Christian Democrats had been known as champions of support to
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
diversity as an important factor to avoid stunting in children. Another point of contention lies on whether agroecological systems may be reproduced at large scale. For some, with positive institutional support, policy change and appropriate modern
Adriana Zaharijević, Kristen Ghodsee, Efi Kanner, Árpád von Klimó, Matthew Stibbe, Tatiana Zhurzhenko, Žarka Svirčev, Agata Ignaciuk, Sophia Kuhnle, Ana Miškovska Kajevska, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Marina Hughson, Sanja Petrović Todosijević, Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni, Stanislava Barać, Ayşe Durakbaşa, Selin Çağatay, and Agnieszka Mrozik
work supported policies that limited women's rights as individuals (360). The second group of actors Toprak looks at is Islamists, particularly the circle gathered around Sebilürreşad (True path, 1908–1925)—a significant journal that survived the