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Seeking Recognition, Becoming Citizens

Achievements and Grievances among Former Combatants from Three Wars

Johanna Söderström

different wars: namely, independence fighters from Namibia (SWAPO), guerillas from Colombia (M-19), and Vietnam veterans in the United States. Through studying the various recognition claims made by the former combatants themselves in these diverse cases, we

Open access

Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

. Subsequently, this group, particularly those with a history in the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), the former liberation movement and current ruling party, has been targeted with numerous policies and become a special, officially recognized

Open access

Richard Meissner and Jeroen Warner

decolonization of Namibia, for which Angola allowed its territory as a shelter for the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) resistance movement, which, after independence became Namibia's ruling party ( Meissner, 2016 ). Although the subsequent

Free access


War Veterans and the Construction of Citizenship Categories

Nikkie Wiegink, Ralph Sprenkels, and Birgitte Refslund Sørensen

societies: Namibia, Colombia, and the United States. The comparison deals with veterans from different war experiences and outcomes: triumphant ex-insurgents (SWAPO in Namibia), non-triumphant ex-insurgents absorbed through a settlement (M-19 in Colombia

Open access

Laborers, Migrants, Refugees

Managing Belonging, Bodies, and Mobility in (Post)Colonial Kenya and Tanzania

Hanno Brankamp and Patricia Daley

's Organisation (SWAPO), African National Congress (ANC), and the Pan-African Congress (PAC). In contrast to contemporary expectations of public resentment toward migration, this was actually popular with Tanzanians themselves. African states like Tanzania have