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The Outburst

Climate Change, Gender Relations, and Situational Analysis

Jonas Østergaard Nielsen

Since the major Sahelian droughts and famines of the early 1970s and 1980s, international development and aid organizations have played a large role in the small village of Biidi 2, located in northern Burkina Faso. This article explores how a visit by a development 'expert' to the village can be analyzed as a social situation in which normal social control is suspended and negotiated. Focusing on gender relations, the analysis shows how the women of Biidi 2 involved in the event were relatively free to construct alternative definitions of their identity and social position vis-à-vis the men.

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The making of terrorists

Anthropology and the alternative truth of America's 'War on Terror' in the Sahara

Jeremy Keenan

This article, based on almost eight years of continuous anthropological research amongst the Tuareg people of the Sahara and Sahel, suggests that the launch by the US and its main regional ally, Algeria, in 2002–2003 of a ‘new’, ‘second’, or ‘Saharan’ Front in the ‘War on Terror’ was largely a fabrication on the part of the US and Algerian military intelligence services. The ‘official truth’, embodied in an estimated 3,000 articles and reports of one sort or another, is largely disinformation. The article summarizes how and why this deception was effected and examines briefly its implications for both the region and its people as well as the future of US international relations and especially its global pursuance of an increasingly suspect ‘War on Terror’.

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Interview avec Prof. Boubacar Barry, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar

Mobilité des nomades et des sédentaires dans l'espace CEDEAO

Laurence Marfaing and Boubacar Barry

*Full interview is in French

Cet entretien avec Boubacar Barry, historien et professeur d'histoire à l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, est en quelque sorte le prolongement d'un échange qui a eu lieu lors d'un colloque sur la mobilité dans l'espace Sahara-Sahel qui s'est tenu en 2011 à Bamako. Depuis ses premières publications dans les années 1970, Boubacar Barry défend l'idée d'une grande Sénégambie des peuples et n'a cessé de travailler sur l'intégration régionale en Afrique de l'Ouest pendant toute sa carrière de chercheur. Son savoir et ses convictions, qui ont inspiré tout le colloque et surtout le panel sur l'intégration régionale dont il fut le président, se retrouvent dans l'interview que Laurence Marfaing a réalisée avec lui quelques mois plus tard et que nous publions ici.

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Roll Out the Barrel

French and Algerian Ports and the Birth of the Wine Tanker

Owen White

the use of a newly constructed ship set to operate between Algiers and Rouen. 65 The ship’s name was the Sahel , and its forty-three tanks, coated inside with a bitumen-based product called Œno-plastic, could hold a total of about 24,000 hectoliters

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Regional integration from “below” in West Africa

A study of transboundary town-twinning of Idiroko (Nigeria) and Igolo (Benin)

Olukayode A. Faleye

markets and potential cross-border functional regions in West Africa. © Sahel and West Africa Club & Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Source: OECD (2014) . export regulations would lower relative price variability, abate

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Transit Migration in Niger

Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?

Sébastien Moretti

Sahel, where the relative prosperity over the past decades has been built on the economic boom derived from migration-related sources. As Peter Tinti and Tom Westcott (2016) noted, on the European side, there has been a failure to realize that the

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Gramsci in and beyond resistances

The search for an autonomous political initiative among a subaltern group in the Beninese savanna

Riccardo Ciavolella

villages are formed by disparate migrant or descendant of migrant communities who have penetrated and then settled in the region in the past two hundred years until now. A continuous but socially fragmented wave of migration has come from the Sahel (Mali

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Bonee and Fitina

Mbororo Nomads Facing and Adapting to Conflict in Central Africa

Adamou Amadou

Breedveld , Mirjam de Bruijn , and Han van Dijk , 269 – 285 . Leiden : Brill . 1999. de Bruijn , Mirjam . 2007 . “ Mobility and Society in the Sahel: An Exploration of Mobile Margins and Global Governance .” In Cultures of Migration

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Yan Slobodkin

In 1913, famine struck the Sahel from Senegal to Sudan and killed as many as half a million people. French observers barely noted the event. In 1931, a far smaller famine in western Niger caused between 15,000 and 30,000 deaths. This time, the

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Capturing Crisis

Solar Power and Humanitarian Energy Markets in Africa

Jamie Cross

. Goudebou refugee camp was built in 2012 as a purpose-built settlement in the village of Goudebou, 17 km from the town of Dori, in the Sahel Region of Burkina Faso. The camp was built to accommodate an influx of people crossing the border from Mali to escape